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Publications  for T. E. Bilderback                   

A.   Refereed Journal Articles

  1. Bilderback, T. E. and R. H. Mattson.  1977.  White fly host preference associated with selected biochemical and phenotypic characteristic of poinsettias.  J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 102(3):327-331.

  2. Williams, R. F. and T. E. Bilderback.  1980.  Factors affecting rooting of Rhododendron maximum and Kalmia latifolia stem cuttings.  HortScience 15(6):872-828.

  3. Bilderback, T. E., W. C. Fonteno, and D. R. Johnson.  1982.  Physical properties of media composed of peanut hulls, pine bark, and peat moss and their effects on azalea growth.  J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci.  107: 522-525.

  4. Duncan, P. J. and T. E. Bilderback.  1982.  Effects of watering method, GA , and photoperiod on germination of Kalmia  latifolia L. and Rhododendron maximum L. seeds.  HortScience 17: 916-917.

  5. Bilderback, T. E.  1985.  Physical properties of pine bark and hardwood bark blended media and the effect on growth of 'Nellie R. Stevens' Holly.  J. Environmental Hort.  3:181-185.

  6. Bilderback, T. E.  1985.  Leyland cypress growth as influenced by media, fertility, and container size after 1 and 2 growing seasons. J. Environmental Hort.  3:132-135. 

  7. Bilderback, T. E.  1986.  Interpretation of extraction and nutrient determination procedures for organic potting substrates:  Conclusions to the symposium.  HortScience 21:213-232.

  8. Tilt, K. M. and T. E. Bilderback.  1987.  Physical properties of propagation media and their effects on the rooting response of three woody ornamental species.  HortScience 22:245-247. 

  9. Tilt, K. M., T. E. Bilderback and W. C. Fonteno.  1987.  Particle size and container size effects on growth of three ornamental species. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 112:981-984.

  10. Bilderback, T. E. and W. C. Fonteno.  1987.  Effects of container geometry and media physical properties on air and water volumes in containers. J. Environmental Hort. 5:180-182. 

  11. Bilderback, T. E., D.J. Cagle, and P.R. Fantz.  1990.  'Greenthumb Peppermint' Azalea.  HortScience 25:236-237.

  12. Bilderback, T.E.  and P.R. Fantz.  1990.  Azaleas in North Carolina.  HortScience 25:134,243.

  13. Ownley, B.H., D. M. Benson, and T.E. Bilderback.  1990.   Physical properties of pine bark media and relation to severity of Phytophthora root rot of rhododendron.  J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 115: 564-570.

  14. Lee, Chin Chin and T.E. Bilderback.  1990.  Propagation of Heptacodium jasminoides Airy-Shaw by softwood and semi-hardwood cuttings.  J.  Environ. Hort. 8:121-123.

  15. Lee, Chin Chin and T.E. Bilderback.  1991.  Growth response of Heptacodium miconioides to various photoperiod and day/night temperatures.  J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 116:646-650.

  16. Fantz, P.R., T.E. Bilderback, and R.E. Davis.  1992.  Arborescent "TreeTop" English Ivy.  HortScience 27:279-280.

  17. Skroch, W.A., M.A. Powell, T.E. Bilderback and P.H. Henry.  1992.  Organic and inorganic mulches: Durability, aesthetic value and influence upon weed development and root-zone temperatures.  J. Environ. Hort. 10:43-45.  

  18. Warren, S.L. and T.E. Bilderback.  1992.  Arcillite: Efffect on chemical and physical properties of a pine bark substrate and plant growth. J. Environ. Hort. 10:63-69.

  19. Bilderback, T.E. , L.Q. Thomasson, and P.R. Fantz. 1992.  Carolina Spring Rhododendron. HortScience 27:378-379.

  20. Fonteno, W.C. and T.E. Bilderback. 1993.  Impact of hydrogel on physical properties of coars-structured horticultural substrates. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 118: 217-222.        

  21. Tyler, Helen H., Stuart  L. Warren, Ted E. Bilderback and William C. Fonteno.  1993.  Composted turkey litter: I. Effect on chemical and physical properties of a pine bark substrate.  J. Environ. Hort.  11:131-136.

  22. Tyler, Helen H., Stuart  L. Warren, and Ted E. Bilderback and Katharine B.Perry.  1993.  Composted turkey litter: II. Effect on plant growth.  J. Environ. Hort. 11:137-141.

  23. Yeager, T., Robert Wright, Donna Fare, Charles Gilliam, Jim Johnson, Ted Bilderback and Randy Zondag.  1993.  Six state survey of container nursery nitrate nitrogen runoff.  J. Environ. Hort. 11: 206-208.

  24. Niemiera, Alex X. , T. E. Bilderback, and  Carol E. Leda.  1994.  Pine bark physical characteristics influence pour-through leachate N concentrations.  HortScience 29: 789-791.

  25. Safley  C. D. and T. E. Bilderback.  1993.  Reaching out to an industry: The North Carolina experience.  HortTechnology 4: 172-174.

  26. Warren S. L. , Ted E. Bilderback and Helen H. Tyler.  1995.  Efficacy of three nitrogen and phosphorus sources in container-grown azalea production.  J. Environ. Hort.  13: 147-151.

  27. McCracken, T. P. ,C.J. Catanzaro and T.E. Bilderback.  1996.  Rooting of Brown Velvet southern magnolia stem cuttings as influenced by medium and auxin treatment.  J. Environ. Hort. 14 (3): 158-159.

  28. Tyler, Helen, H., S.L. Warren and T.E. Bilderback.  1996.  Cyclic irrigation increases irrigation application efficiency and decreases ammonium losses.   J. Environ. Hort. 14 (4): 194-198.

  29. Tyler, Helen, H., S.L. Warren and T.E. Bilderback.  1996.  Reduced leaching fractions improve irrigation use efficiency and nutrient efficacy. J. Environ. Hort. 14 (4): 199-204.

  30. Rouse, Robert J., Paul R. Fantz, and T.E. Bilderback. 1997.  Problems identifying japanese cedar cultivated in the United States.  HortTechnology 7:129-133.

  31. Groves, Kelly M., Stuart Warren, and Ted E. Bilderback.  1998.  Irrigation volume, ap[plication and controlled-release fertilizer II.  Effect on plant growth and mineral nutrient content in containerized plant production.  J. Environ. Hort. 16 (3) 176-181.

  32. Groves, Kelly M., Stuart Warren, and Ted E. Bilderback.  1998.  Irrigation volume, application and controlled-release fertilizer II.  Effect on substrate solution nutrient concentration and water efficiency in containerized plant production.  J. Environ. Hort. 16 (3) 182-188.

  33. Bilderback, T.E., S.L. Warren, and J.H. Daniels. 1999. Managing Irrigation by Electrical Conductivity.  Acta. Hort. 481:403-408.

  34. Rouse, Robert J., Paul R. Fantz, and Ted E. Bilderback. 2000. Descriptions and a key to cultivars of japanese cedar cultivated in eastern United States. HortTechnology 10:252-266.

  35. Fantz, Paul R., Robert J. Rouse and Ted E. Bilderback. 2000. Cultivar-groups in Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) In: S. Andrews, A.C. Leslie and C. Alexander (Editors), Taxonomy of Cultivated Plants: Third International Symposium,pp.325-334. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  36. Bilderback, T.E.  2001.  Environmentally compatible container plant production practices.  Acta. Hort. 548:311-318.

  37. Warren, Stuart L. ,Ted E. Bilderback, and Helen H. Kraus.  2001.  Method of fertilizer application affects nutrient losses of controlled release fertilizers.  Acta. Hort. 548:349-355.

  38. Ivy, R. Lee, Ted E. Bilderback and Stuart L. Warren.  2002.  Potting date and rate of fertilization affects plant growth, nutrient content and substrate EC. J. Environ. Hort. 20:104-109.

  39. Warren, Stuart L. and Ted E. Bilderback.  2002.  Timing of low pressure irrigation affects plant growth and water utilization efficiency.  J. Environ. Hort. 20(3):184-188.

  40. Bilderback, Ted E.  2002.  Water management is key to reducing nutrient runoff from container nurseries.  HortTechnology 12: (4): 541-544.

  41. Warren S.L. and T.E. Bilderback.  2004.  Irrigation timing: Effect on plant growth, photosynthesis, water-use efficiency and substrate temperature, Acta. Hort. 644:29-38.

  42. Bilderback, Ted, E. 2004.   Wulpak used as a mulch or an amendment for nursery potting substrates.  Acta. Hort. 644:139-144.

  43. Stuart L. Warren and Ted E. Bilderback.  2004. Nursery floor affects containerized plant growth.  J. Envrion. Hort. 22: (2):100-105.

  44. Beeson, R.C. Jr.,M.A. Arnold, T.E. Bilderback, B. Bolusky, S. Chandler, H.M. Gramling, J.D. Lea0Cox, J.R. Harris, P.J. Klinger, H.M. Mathers, J.M. Ruter and T.H. Yeager.  2004.  Strategic vision of container nursery irrigation in the next ten years.  J. Environ. Hort. 22(2):113-115.

  45. Warren, S.L. and Ted E. Bilderback.  2005.  More plant per gallon: Getting more out of your water.  HortTechnology 15: (1): 14-18.

  46. Bilderback, Ted. E., Stuart L. Warren, James S. Owen, Jr. and Joseph P. Albano.  2005.  Healthy substrates need physicals too!.  HortTechnology 15 (4):9-13.

  47. Owen, J.S., S.L. Warren, T.E. Bilderback, J. Albano. 2008. Physical properties of pine bark substrate amended with industrial mineral aggregate. Acta. Hort. 779:131-138.

  48. Rippy, J., P. Nelson, T. Bilderback, D. Hesterberg, E. Kamprath, W. Swallow. 2008. Evaluation of limestone physical and chemical properties on neutralization capacity. Acta. Hort. 779:139-148.

  49. Owen, Jr., J.S., S.L. Warren, T.E. Bilderback, and J.P. Albano. 2007. Industrial mineral aggregate amendment affects physical and chemical properties of pine bark substrate. HortScience 42:1287-1294.

  50. Owen, Jr., J.S., S.L. Warren, T.E. Bilderback, and J.P. Albano. 2008. Effect of phosphorus rate, leaching fraction, and substrate on plant response, influent quantity, and effluent content. HortScience 43:906-912.

B.   Research Bulletins

  1. Technical Committee S-103.  1979.  Factors affecting southern regional production advantages for Juniperus chinensis 'Pfitzeriana', Southern Coop. Series Bull. 237.    

  2. Technical Committee S-103.  1979.  Factors affecting southern regional production advantages for Kurme Azaleas.  Southern Coop. Series Bull. 241.

C.   Research Reports, Symposium Articles, etc.

  1. Duncan, P. J. and T. E. Bilderback. 1978. Kalmia latifolia and Rhododendron maximum propagation by seed. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 23: 172.

  2. Williams, R. F. and T. E. Bilderback. 1978. Kalmia latifolia and Rhododendron maximum propagation by cuttings. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 23: 173-174.

  3. Bilderback, T. E. 1979. Monitoring an uncovered bark-sand container mix pile. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 24: 46-50.

  4. Bilderback, T. E. and J. C. Raulston. 1979. Overwintering techniques for protection of container-grown nursery stock. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 24: 43-46.

  5. Bilderback, T. E. and E. T. Cartwright. 1980. Influence of four commercial fertilizers applied to pine bark and hardwood media on growth, foliar N, soil N, pH and soluble salts of four nursery species. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 25: 28-31.

  6. Bilderback, T. E. 1979. Media for propagating nursery plants. Unpublished manuscript prepared for summer propagation workshop.

  7. Johnson, David R. and T. E. Bilderback. 1981. Physical properties of aged and fresh peanut hull media and their effect on azalea growth. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 26: 42-48.

  8. Bilderback, T. E. 1982. Leyland Cypress Propagation. 1983. Proc. Inter. Plant Prop. Soc. 32:410-413.

  9. Bilderback, T. E. 1983. Leyland Cypress growth over two years as influenced by media, fertility levels and container size. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 28:41-45.

  10. Tomlinson, J. D. and T. E. Bilderback. 1984. The effect of bulk density and a moisture extender on the growth of Ilex 'Nellie R. Stevens'. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 29:92-96 .

  11. Tilt, Kenneth M. and T. E. Bilderback. 1984. Effects of container size on growth of woody ornamentals. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 29:27-28.

  12. Tilt, Kenneth M. and T. E. Bilderback. 1984. Effects of physical properties of propagation media on rooting response of woody ornamentals. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 26:216-223.

  13. Tilt, Kenneth M. and T. E. Bilderback. 1985. Re-wetting oven-dried pine bark and hardwood bark. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 30:104-106.

  14. Tomlinson, James D. and T. E. Bilderback. 1985. The effects of moisture extenders, bentonite and irrigation frequency on a pine bark medium and growth of 'Nellie R. Stevens' holly and leyland cypress. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 30:50-54.

  15. Bilderback, T. E. and W. C. Fonteno. 1985. Container modeling - A new approach to growing plants in containers. Proc. Nat'l Agr. Plastics Assoc. Conf. 18:319-326.

  16. Bilderback, T. E. and F. A. Pokorny. 1987. Problems associated with high stacking and compaction of pine bark during storage. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 32:45-48.

  17. Bilderback, T. E. 1987. Effect of particle size and aging on moisture retention of pine bark nursery mulches. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 32:49-53.

  18. Powell, M. A., T. E. Bilderback and W. A. Skroch. 1987. Landscape mulches. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 32:346-348.

  19. Johnson, David R., T. E. Bilderback and C. D. Safley. 1987. Determining container production costs on a per plant basis. Proc. Inter. Plant Prop. Soc. 36:378-384.

  20. Bilderback, T.E. and Katherine H. Humphries. 1988. Propagation of nursery stock with KlipKleen pruning shears. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 33:265-268.

  21. Bilderback, T. E 1989. Propagation with KlipKleen pruning shears. Proc. Inter. Plant Prop. Soc. 38:462-464.

  22. Powell, M.A. , W.A. Skroch and T.E. Bilderback. 1989. Landscape mulch evaluations: a three year study. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 34:274-278.

  23. Phillips, E. Lewis, Jr. and T.E. Bilderback. 1989. Evaluation of the VTEM extraction procedure with slow release fertilizers for commercial nursery use. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 34:18-22.

  24. Bilderback, T. E. 1989. Moisture extender and wetting agent effects on container media and plant growth. Proc. SNA Res.Conf. 34:48-50.

  25. Bir, R.E. and T.E. Bilderback. 1989. Growing better mountain laurel in containers. Proc. Inter. Plant Prop. Soc. 39:442-447.

  26. Bilderback, T. E. 1990. Evaluating materials that increase water volume in media. Amer. Nurseryman 171:81-81.

  27. Phillips E.L. and T.E. Bilderback. 1990. Comparison of container leachate levels and plant response to slow release fertilizers. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 35: 80-83.

  28. Bilderback, T.E. Everette F. Hartzog and Rob Means. 1990. Use of composted sawdust, flyash and pine bark as a potting medium. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 35:76-79.

  29. Bir, R.E. and T.E. Bilderback. 1990. The effect of container media physical properties on the quality of nursery grown mountain laurel. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 35:71-74.

  30. Warren, S.L. and T.E. Bilderback. 1990. Arcillite: Effect on growth of container grown nursery crops. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 35: 84-86.

  31. Bilderback, T.E. and Chin Chin Lee. 1990. Propagation of Heptacodium jasminoides, Seven Son flower by softwood and semi-hardwood cuttings. Proc. Inter. Plant Prop. Soc. 40:397-401.

  32. Bilderback, T.E. and W.C. Fonteno. 1991. Blended horticultural rockwool, poultry litter compost and pine bark potting media. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 36:61-63.

  33. Phillips, E.L, T.E. Bilderback, R.E. Bir and Doug Torn. 1991. Comparison of light intensity and temperatures under black and white shade cloth. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 36:105-107.

  34. Bilderback, T.E. 1991. What you need to know about an artificial medium. Proc. Ann. N.C. Vegetable Expo 5:15.

  35. Bilderback, T.E. 1991. Improving nutrient retention in potting media by compost amendment. Proc. Optimum Resource Utilization for Horticultural Enterprises: Organic Solid Waste. Univ. of Kentucky p:15-24.

  36. Bilderback, T.E., R.E. Bir and E.L. Phillips Jr. 1992. Use of compost in commercial nurseries. Proc. NatÆl Poultry Waste Mgt. Symp. p.318.

  37. Bir, R.E., T.E. Bilderback and J.L. Conner. 1992. The Effect of selected controlled release fertilizers on azalea leaf retention. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 37: 60-64.

  38. Bilderback, T.E. and E.L.­Phillips Jr. 1992. Use of composts in commercial nursery potting substrates. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 37: 87-90.

  39. Tyler, Helen H., Stuart L. Warren, Ted E. Bilderback and William C. Fonteno. 1992. Composted turkey broiler litter: Effect on chemical and physical properties of a pine bark substrate and plant growth. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 37:90-93.

  40. Knes-Maxwell, Catherine, J.C. Raulston, T.E. Bilderback, and Richard Bir. 1992. Marketing new plants through industry propagation workshops at the NCSU arboretum. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 37:371-373.

  41. Bilderback, T.E. 1992. Pulse Irrigation and unsaturated flow of water in container substrates. Proc. of the N.C. Irrigation Soc.29:40-42.

  42. Bilderback, T.E. And Doug Bailey. 1992. Recycling : How are you Going to Dispose of Unsalable Plants in 1993? N.C. Flower Growers Bulletin 37 (6) : 5-7.

  43. Tyler, H.H. S.L. Warren, and T.E. Bilderback. 1993. Nitrogen and phosphorus efficacy of commercial synthetic and organic fertilizers. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 38: 96-99.

  44. Lord, William G. and T.E. Bilderback. 1993. Wood waste compost as a potting amendment. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 38: 75-77.

  45. Bilderback, T.E. and W.C. Fonteno. 1993. Improving nutrient and moisture retention in pine bark substrates with rockwool and compost combinations. Acta Hort. 342: 265-272.

  46. Bilderback, T.E. 1993. Use of composts in nursery potting soils. Proc. IntÆl Plant Prop. 42: 376-380.

  47. Bilderback, T.E., M.A. Powell, T.M. Losordo, S.W. Broome, and S.H. Kay. 1993. An aquatic plant production and nutrient mitigation system. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 38: 422-426.

  48. Remmick, Michael and T.E. Bilderback 1993. Split wounding of stem cuttings. Proc. SNA Res . Conf. 38: 289-291.

  49. Bilderback, T.E. 1994. Wetting agents and gels-Where they have a purpose. Proc. IntÆl Plant Prop. 43:55-57.

  50. Yeager, Tom, Robert Wright, Donna Fare, Charles Gilliam, Jim Johnson, Ted Bilderback, and Randy Zondag. 1993. Container nursery nitrate nitrogen runoff: a six state summary. Proc. IntÆl Plant Prop. 43:345-347.

  51. Bir, Richard E., H.W. Barnes, J.L. Conner, and T.E. Bilderback. 1994. Propagating Bottlebrush Buckeye from Stem Cuttings. Proc. SNA Res. Conf 39:283-287.

  52. Hight, Al and Ted E. Bilderback. 1994. Substrate Temperatures in Above and Below-Ground Containers in a Pot-in -Pot System. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 39:113-118.

  53. Bilderback, Ted E. 1995. Physical properties of double-processed pine bark: effects on rooting. Acta Hort. 401:77-83.

  54. Tyler, Helen H., Stuart L. Warren, and Ted E. Bilderback. 1995. Cyclic irrigation increases irrigation efficiency and ammonium retention. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 40:59-61.

  55. Cooke, Al and Ted E. Bilderback. 1995. Growing better growers: Taking appliced research into the field. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 40:101-104.

  56. Bradley, Garry J. , Marihelen Glass and T.E. Bilderback. 1996. Dairy cow compost as a potting substrate for hybrid rhododendrons. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 41:128-129.

  57. Frank Franciosi, Ted E. Bilderback and William G. Lord. 1996. Evaluation of a compost based potting mix for commercial nurseries. Proc. of the Composting in the Carolinas Conf.:102-107.

  58. Bilderback, T.E. and M.R. Lorscheider. 1997. Wetting agents used in container substrates: are they BMPÆs. Proc. IntÆl Symp. On Growning Media and Plant Nutrition. Ed. R.U. Roeber. Acta Hort. 450:313-319.

  59. Warren, Stuart L., Ted E. Bilderback and Helen H. Tyler. 1997. Does method of fertilizer application (surface or incorporated) affect nutrient losses of controlled release fertilizers. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 42:141-143.

  60. Adkins, Craig and Ted E. Bilderback. 1997. Composted dairy cow manure as an amendment for nursery potting substrates. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 42:144-145.

  61. Flinn Cindy L., Ray Campbell and Ted E. Bilderback. 1997. The use of bioconverted swine biosolids as an amendment for potting media for commercial nursery production. Proc SNA Res. Conf. 42: 146-147.

  62. Glasgow, Tom , Charles Safley, Ted Bilderback, and Tom Johnson. 1997. Consumer perceptions of plant quality. Proc SNA Res. Conf. 42:378-380.

  63. Flinn Cindy L., Ray Campbell and Ted E. Bilderback. 1998. Growth response of daylily to bioconverted swine and irrigation volume. Proc SNA Res. Conf.43: 39-43.

  64. Glasgow, Tom , Ted Bilderback, Tom Johnson, Katheryn B. Perry and Charles Safley. 1998. Evaluating consumers perceptions of plant quality. Proc SNA Res. Conf. 43:497-500.

  65. Bilderback, Ted E. and Stuart Warren. 1998. Effects of dolomitic limestone and micronutrients. Comb.Proc. InterÆl Plant Propagators Soc.:48:618-623.

  66. Breedlove, Donald, Lee Ivy, and Ted Bilderback. 1999. Comparing potting substrates for growing æHershey RedÆ azaleas. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 44: 87-91.

  67. Bilderback, T.E. and S.L Warren. 1999. Development and use of nursery potting materials from animal by-products. Proc.1999 Animal Waste Management Symposium: 172-178.

  68. Flinn, C.L., R. Campbell, and T.E. Bilderback. 1999. Growth response ofd laylilies and azaleas to bioconverted swine solids and irrigation volume. Proc. Animal Waste Management Symposium 1:269-271.

  69. Kraus, Helen Tyler, Sturart L. Warren, Ted E. Bilderback and William C. Fonteno. 1999. Composted turkey litter:Effect on chemical and physical properties of a pine bark substrate and plant growth. Proc. 1999 Animal Waste Management Symposium:384-387.

  70. Ivy, Lee, R., Ted E, Bilderback and Stuart L. Warren. 2000. Potting date and rate on fertilization affects plant growth. Proc.SNA Res. Conf. 45:27-29.

  71. Bilderback, T.E. and Mary Lorscheider. 2000. Use of wulpak as a mulch and amendment for nursery potting substrates. Proc.SNA Res. Conf. 45:73-76.

  72. Cooke, Al, Ted Bilderback, Sturart Warren and Robert Mikkelson. 2001. Use of poultry litter in field nursery production. Proc.SNA Res. Conf. 46:153-156.

  73. Safley, Charles D., Herman A. Sampson and Ted Bilderback. 2001. Production cost estimates for selected field grown nursery stock. Proc.SNA Res. Conf. 46:1325-328.

  74. Cooke, Al and Ted Bilderback. 2002. Topdressing with hosta. Proc. SNA Res. Conf 47:41-43.

  75. Cooke, AL Michelle McGinnis, Ted Bilderback and Mary Lorscheider. 2003. Organic Fertility for Basil Transplants. Proc. SNA. Res. Conf. 48:42-44.

  76. Owen, James S.Jr., Stuart L. Warren, and Ted E. Bilderback. 2003. Clay amended pine bark influences irrigtion volume and water buffering capacity. Proc. SNA. Res. Conf. 48:20-23.

  77. Midcap, James T. and Theodore E. Bilderaback. 2003. Effect of substrates on hydrangea production. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 48:105-108.

  78. Bilderback, Ted, Carroll Williamson, Donald Breedlove, John Allen and Mary Lorscheider. 2003. Drill and Fill and other field nursery fertilizer application techniques. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 48:124-126.

  79. Cooke, Al, Ted Bilderback and Mary Lorscheider. 2004. Physical property measurements in container substrates: A field quantification strategy. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 49:102-104.

  80. Harrelson, Tiffany, Stuart L. Warren, Ted E. Bilderback 2004. How do you manage aged versus fresh pine bark? Proc. SNA Res. Conf, 49: 63-65.

  81. Owen,James S. Jr., Stuart L. Warren, Ted E. Bilderback, and Joseph P. Albano. 2004. Finding the balance: Calcined clay rate effects in pine bark substrates. Proc. SNA Res. Conf, 49: 73-76.

  82. McGinnis, Michelle, Stuart L. Warren, Ted E. Bilderback 2004. Effects of vermicompost amended pine bark on basil production Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 49:120-123.

  83. Williamson, Carroll S., Stuart L. Warren, Ted E. Bilderback 2004. Timing of overhead irrigation affects growth and substrate temperature of container-grown plants. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 49:77-80.

  84. McGinnis, Michelle S., Stuart L. Warren, and Ted E. Bilderback. 2005. Vermicost: Improving water use efficiency in nursery crop production. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 50:73-77.

  85. Owen, James S. Jr., Stuart L. Warren, Ted E. Bilderback and Joseph P. Albano. 2005. Reducing water and nutrient inputs to clay amended substrates: How low can we go? Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 50: 99-102.

  86. Catanzaro, Chris, Ted Whitwell, Joseph P. Albano, Donna Fare, Jim Owen Jr., Stuart L Warren, Ted E. Bilderback, Tom Yeager, Patrick C. Wilson, Milton D Taylor, Sarah A. White, Robert F. Polomski and Stephen J Klaine. 2005. Environmental resource management systems for nurseries, greenhouses and landscapes: 2005 update. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 50: 564-571.

  87. McGinnis, Michelle S., Stuart L. Warren, and Ted Bilderback. 2006.Nutrient release kinetics of vermicompost amended pine bark. Proc. SNA Res Conf..51:40-42.

  88. Cooke, Al and Ted Bilderback. 2006. Comparison of fertility rates for producing native species for wetland mitigation. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 51:72-75.

  89. Bilderback, T.E., S.L. Warren, J.S. Owen and J.P. Albano. 2006. Environmental nursery production. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 51:96-97.

  90. Owen, J.S., S.L. Warren, T.E. Bilderback, J.P. Albano. 2006. Beyond Skogholm cotoneaster, performance of hydrangea, azalea, juniper and spirea in clay amended substrate. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 51:55-58.

  91. Lea-Cox, John D., David S. Ross, Cindy Zhao, Theodore E. Bilderback, Mary Lorscheider, Thomas H. Yeager, J. Roger Harris, Susan D. Day, Chaunxue Hong, William L. Bauerle, Richard C. Beeson, Andrew G. Ristvey and John M. Ruter. A Web-Based Knowledge Center for Water and Nutrient Management and Conservation for the Green Industry. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 52:xx-xx.

  92. McGinnis, Michelle S., Stuart L. Warren, and Ted E. Bilderback. 2007. Vermicompost: Reducing fertilizer inputs and improving growth of Hibiscus moscheutos. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 52: xx-xx.

  93. Prehn, Alison, Stuart L Warren, James S. Owen, Jr. and Ted E. Bilderback. 2007. Back to the basicis: Using gravimetric water content to control irrigation. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 52:xx-xx.

  94. Bilderback, Ted. 2007. Mixing it Up with Fluff® Substrate Amendment. Nursery Crops Field Day Program. Pg. 28. 9.20.2007.

  95. Bilderback, Ted. 2007. Someone’s Trash is Another’s Pleasure. 2007. Proc. Nursery Crops Short Course. Pg. 8-9. 9.20. 2007.

  96. Owen James.S.Jr, Prehn, Alison, Stuart L Warren and Ted E. Bilderback. 2008. Comparing conventional to on-demand based irrigation scheduling for containerized nursery crops. Proc. SNA Res. Conf. 53:xx-xx.

D.   Extension Publications (Peer Reviewed)

  1. Bilderback, T. E. 1980. Container soils and soilless media. In V. P. Bonaminio (ed.) North Carolina Nursery Crops Production Manual. N. C. Agr. Ext. Ser. NCPM:9. p 1-12.

  2. Bilderback, T.E., R.E. Bir and M.A. Powell. 1988. Pruning field grown nursery stock. Hort. Information Leaflet No. 406. p 1-6.

  3. Bilderback, T.E., R.E. Bir and M.A. Powell. 1988. A simple intermittent mist system for propagation. Hort. Information Leaflet No. 405. p 1-3.

  4. Bilderback, T.E., R.E. Bir, and M.A. Powell. 1988. Low investment propagation/winter protection structure. Hort. Information Leaflet No. 404.p 1-4.

  5. Boyette M. D. and T.E. Bilderback. 1988. A small backyard greenhouse for the home gardener. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-426. p 1-4.

  6. Bass, Larry and T.E. Bilderback. 1991. Composting for home gardens. Hort. Information Leaflet No. 100. p 1-4.

  7. Bilderback, T.E. and R.E. Bir. 1991. Preparing Nursery Plants for Winter. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG 454. p 1-11.

  8. Bass, Larry, T.E. Bilderback and M.A. Powell. 1992. Composting : A Guide to managing organic yard wastes. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG467. p 1-8.

  9. Bilderback, T.E. and M.A. Powell. 1993. Using composts in landscape beds and nursery substrates. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG:473, WQWM 121. p-1-4.

  10. Boyette M. D. and T.E. Bilderback. 1993. A small backyard greenhouse for the home gardener. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-426. Revised: 2nd Ed. p 1-4.

  11. Bir, R.E. , T.E. Bilderback and T.G. Ranney. 1993. Budding and grafting nursery crop plants. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-396. Revised: 2nd Ed. p 1-18.

  12. Ranney, Thomas G., Rirchard E. Bir, M.A. Powell, and Ted Bilderback. 1994. Qualifiers for quagmires: landscape plants for wet sites. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. Hort. Information Leaflet No. 646. p 1-4.

  13. Bilderback, T.E. , R.E. Bir and J. Midcap. 1994. Managing drought on nursery crops. 1994. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-519-6. p 1-4.

  14. Bilderback, T.E. and M.A. Powell. Efficient Irrigation. 1994. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-508-6/WQWM 138. p 1-6.

  15. Powell ,M.A. and T.E. Bilderback. 1995. Fertilizer recommendations and techniques to maintain landscapes and protect water quality. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-508-5/ WQWM127. p 1-4.

  16. Powell, M.A. and T.E. Bilderback. 1995. Planting techniques for trees and shrubs. N.C. Coop. Ext Ser. AG 508-4/WQWM 126. p 1-4.

  17. Bailey, Doug, Ted Bilderback and Dick Bir. 1996. Water considerations for container production of plants. Hort. Information Leaflet No. 557. p 1-11.

  18. Bilderback, T.E., R.E. Bir, and S.L. Warren. 1996. Best management practices for field growing nursery stock. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-511. p 1-15.

  19. Bir, R.E., T.E. Bilderback, J.E. Baker, and R.K. Jones. 1996. Commercial Boxwood Production. Hort. Information Leaflet No. 407. p-9.

  20. Bilderback, T.E. 2001. Using the pourthru procedure for checking EC and pH for nursery crops. Hort. Information Leaflet No. 450. p 5.

  21. Bilderback, T.E. 2002. Improving Nursery Water Management. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-566-15. p. 22.

  22. LeBude, A.V. and T. E. Bilderback. 2007. Managing Drought on Nursery Crops. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-519-6. p 1-6. Updated 8.23.2007.

  23. LeBude, A.V., T.E. Bilderback,, Joe Neal, Craig Adkins, Charles Safely, and Ted Feitshans. A Manual for Field Production of Nursery Stock. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-511. p 1-53. (In Review)

Electronic Publications on NCSU Home Pages accessible to World Wide Web

  1. Bass, Larry and T.E. Bilderback. 1990. Composting for home gardens. Hort. Information Leaflet No. 100. Rev. 11/90 http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/hil8100.html

  2. Ranney, Thomas G., Rirchard E. Bir, M.A. Powell, and Ted Bilderback. 1994. Qualifiers for quagmires: landscape plants for wet sites. Rev. 2/94 http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/hil8646.html

  3. Bilderback, T.E. , R.E. Bir and J. Midcap. 1995. Managing drought on nursery crops. http://www2.ncsu.edu/drought/dro-18.html

  4. Bilderback, T.E. and M.A. Powell. 1995. Using composts in landscape beds and nursery substrates. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-473-14. Rev 3/96 http://www2.ncsu.edu.bae.programs/extension/publicat/wqwm/ag473_14.html

  5. Boyette M. D. and T.E. Bilderback. 1996. A small backyard greenhouse for the home gardener. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-426. Revised: 3nd Ed. p 1-4. http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/programs/extension/publicat/postharv/green/small_greenhouse.pdf

  6. Bilderback, T.E. and M.A. Powell. 1996. Efficient irrigation. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-508-6. Rev 3/96 http://www2.ncsu.edu.bae.programs/extension/publicat/wqwm/ag508-_6.html

  7. Powell ,M.A. and T.E. Bilderback. 1996. Fertilizer recommendations and techniques to maintain landscapes and protect water quality. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-508-5. Rev 3/96 http://www2.ncsu.edu.bae.programs/extension/publicat/wqwm/wqwm127..html

  8. Powell, M.A. and T.E. Bilderback. 1996. Planting techniques for trees and shrubs. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-508-4. Rev 3/96 http://www2.ncsu.edu.bae.programs/extension/publicat/wqwm/ag508-_4.html

  9. Bilderback, T.E., R.E. Bir, and M.A. Powell. 1996. Low investment propagation/winter protection structure. Hort. Information Leaflet No. 404. Rev 4/96. http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/hil404.html

  10. Bilderback, T.E., R.E. Bir and M.A. Powell. 1996. A simple intermittent mist system for propagation. Hort. Information Leaflet No. 405. Rev. 4/96 http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/hil405.html

  11. Bilderback, T.E., R.E. Bir and M.A. Powell. 1996. Pruning field grown nursery stock. Hort. Information Leaflet No. 406. Rev. 4/96 http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/hil406.html 

  12. Bailey, Doug, Ted Bilderback and Dick Bir. 1996. Water considerations for container production of plants. Hort. Information Leaflet No. 557  http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/floriculture/hils/hil557.html http://www.ces.ncsu.edu.depts/hort/hil/pdf/hil-557.pdf

  13. Bailey, Doug and Ted Bilderback. 1998. Alkalinity control for irrigation water used in nurseries and greenhouses. Hort. Information Leaflet No. 558 http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/floriculture/hils/hil558.html http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/floriculture/hils/HIL558.pdf

  14. Bilderback, T.E., R.E. Bir, and S.L. Warren. 1996. Best management practices for field growing nursery stock. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-511. http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/programs/extension/ag-env/nursery/

  15. Bir, R.E., T.E. Bilderback, J.E. Baker, and R.K. Jones. 1996. Commercial Boxwood Production. Hort. Information Leaflet No. 407. p-9. http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/hil-407.html

  16. Bilderback, T.E. and R.E. Bir. 1998. Preparing Nursery Plants for Winter. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG 454. http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/ag454.html

  17. Bir, R.E. , T.E. Bilderback and T.G. Ranney. 1998. Budding and grafting nursery crop plants. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-396. Revised: 2nd Ed. http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/ag396.html

  18. Bilderback, T.E. 2000. Pine bark handling and storage. North Carolina State Department of Horticultural Science Nursery Crops Website: http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/nursery/substrates/storage_hand.htm.

  19. Bilderback, T.E 2000. Two problems during storage and handling pine bark used in potting media. Powerpoint Presentation. North Carolina State Department of Horticultural Science Nursery Crops Website: http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/nursery/substrates/pinebarkhandling/index.htm

  20. Bilderback, T.E. 2000. References for Nurserymen. North Carolina State Department of Horticultural Science Nursery Crops Website: http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/nursery/cultural/chptr1/References%20for%20Nurserymen.htm

  21. Bilderback, T.E. 2000. Websites for Nurserymen. North Carolina State Department of Horticultural Science Nursery Crops Website: http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/nursery/cultural/chptr1/Websites%20for%20Nurseries.htm

  22. Bilderback, T.E. 2000. Nursery and greenhouse industry statistics. North Carolina State Department of Horticultural Science Nursery Crops Website:http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/nursery/cultural/chptr1/nursery_GH_stats.html

  23. Bilderback, T.E. 2001. Using the pourthru procedure for checking EC and pH for nursery crops. Hort. Information Leaflet No. 450. p 5. http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/pdf/hil-450.pdf

  24. Bilderback, T.E. 2002. Improving Nursery Water Management. N.C. Coop. Ext. Ser. AG-566-15. p. 22.

  25. Baker, James R., Stephen Tooth, Michael Benson, Theodore Bilderback, and Brian Whipker. 2005. Crop profile for landscape installation and maintenance in North Carolina. http://www.impmcenters.org/crfopprofiles/docs/NC landscape.html

Extension Newsletters /Proceedings/Video Tapes, Miscellaneous

  1. Bilderback, T. E. 1989. A Tree-mendous opportunity. The Landscape Newsletter. May/June 1989.

  2. Bilderback, T. E. 1989. Reuse of water in the nursery industry. The Landscape Newsletter. Mar/April 1989.

  3. Bilderback, T. E. and R. E. Sneed. 1989. Ironing out water problems. The Landscape Newsletter. Fall.

  4. Bilderback, T. E. 1990. New potting recipes for containers. The Landscape Newsletter 1:1-2. Spring.

  5. Bilderback, T.E. 1990. New potting recipes for containers. The Landscape Newsletter. Spring 1990:1-2.

  6. Bilderback, T.E. 1990. It still feels like Christmas. The Landscape Newsletter. July-August 1990.

  7. Bilderback, T.E. and R.E. Bir. 1990. Winter acclimation. Johnston County Extension Newsletter 11:1-3.

  8. Bilderback, T.E. and R. E. Bir. 1990. Preparing nursery crops for Winter. In T.E. Bilderback (ed.) North Carolina Nursery Crops Production Manual. N.C. Agr. Ext. Ser. AG 454 . p 1-10.

  9. Bilderback, Ted E. 1996. Properties of container substrates. In Container substrate and water management proceedings. NCCES Agent training 1/3/96.

  10. Bailey, Douglas A. , Ted Bilderback, and Dick Bir. 1996. Irrigation considerations for container production of plants. In Container substrate and water management proceedings. NCCES Agent training 1/3/96.

  11. Bailey, Douglas A. , Ted Bilderback, and Dick Bir. 1996. Irrigation considerations for container production of plants. In Container substrate and water management proceedings. Video Tape 1/3/96.

  12. Bilderback, Ted E. and Dick Bir 1996. Irrigation conservation techniques for container production: Cycled irrigation. In Container substrate and water management proceedings. NCCES Agent training 1/3/96.

  13. Bir, Dick and Bilderback, Ted E. 1996. Consideration for low volume irrigation in nursery container culture. Container substrate and water management proceedings. NCCES Agent training 1/3/96.

  14. Bilderback, Ted E. 1996. Water management in container nurseries. Container substrate and water management proceedings. NCCES Agent training 1/3/96.

  15. Bir, Dick and Bilderback, Ted E. 1996. Nutrient amendments in container nursery substrates. Container substrate and water management proceedings. NCCES Agent training 1/3/96.

E.    Books and Chapters in Books

  1. Raulston, J. C. and T. E. Bilderback. 1978. Nursery production and management - a teaching resources guide. N. C. State Student Book Store Press. 216 p.

  2. Bilderback, T. E. 1980. Academic arboriculture - Teaching guide for arboriculture. N. C. State Student Book Store Press.

  3. Raulston, J. C. and T. E. Bilderback. 1980. Nursery production and management - teaching resources guide. 2nd ed. N. C. State Student Book Store Press. 311 p.

  4. Powell, M. A. and T. E. Bilderback. 1986. North Carolina Landscape Contractors Training Manual. North Carolina Landscape Contractors Registration Board. 150 p.

  5. Bilderback, T.E. 1992. Philosophy of integrated pest management for landscape ornamentals. In Park and Recreaction Maintenance Management School, Phase II Monograph (ed.) R. E. Sternloff. Office of Continuing Education and Professional Development North Carolina State University Topic 214:7-11.

  6. Bilderback, T.E. 1992. Maintenance of trees and shrubs. In Park and Recreaction Maintenance Management School, Phase II Monograph (ed.) R. E. Sternloff. Office of Continuing Education and Professional Development North Carolina State University Topic 205: 2-12.

  7. Bilderback, T.E. 1992. Developing a nursery for parks and municipalities. In Park and Recreaction Maintenance Management School, Phase II Monograph (ed.) R. E. Sternloff. Office of Continuing Education and Professional Development North Carolina State University Topic 206:1-4.

  8. Bilderback, T.E. 1992. Pesticides and herbicides. In Park and Recreaction Maintenance Management School, Phase II Monograph (ed.) R. E. Sternloff. Office of Continuing Education and Professional Development North Carolina State University Topic 214:1-6.

  9. Bilderback, T.E. 1998. Nursery production and nursery management course pak and teaching guide. Copytron Inc. Raleigh, N.C. 476 pgs.

  10. Yeager, Tom, Charles Gilliam, Ted Bilderback, Donna Fare, Alex Niemiera, and Ken Tilt. 1997. Best management practices: guide for producing container-grown plants. Southern NurserymenÆs Association. Marietta, GA. : pg 1- 69.

  11. Bilderback, T.E. 1998. Nursery production and nursery management course pak and teaching guide. 2nd Ed. Copytron Inc. Raleigh, N.C. 514 pgs.

  12. Bilderback, T.E. , John Scott and Beverly Gelvin. 2000. Nuts and bolts of the nursery industry: A reference manual. North Carolina Association of Nurserymen. Raleigh, NC 173 pgs.

  13. Bilderback, Ted, E. and Ronald K. Jones. 2001. Horticultural practices for reducing disease development. In Diseases of woody ornamentals and trees in nurseries (ed.) Ronald K. Jones and D. Michael Benson. APS Press, The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN. Chapter 88: 387-400.

  14. Bilderback, Ted and Richard Bir. 2002. Rooting for you! A reference manual for propagation of cuttings for nursery crops.North Carolina Association of Nurserymen Raleigh, N.C. 99 pgs.

  15. Bilderback, Ted, Richard Bir, Colleen Warfield, Chris Casey and Craig Adkins. 2002. What do nursery professionals do all year? In Certified Plant Professional Study Manual. (ed.) M.A. Powell. North Carolina Association of Nurserymen. Chapter 15:1-16.

  16. Bilderback, Ted. 2002. Nursery and retail garden center references. In Certified Plant Professional Study Manual. (ed.) M.A. Powell. North Carolina Association of Nurserymen. References. p1-9.

  17. Bilderback, Ted, John M. Dole, and Ronald E. Sneed. 2006. Greenhouse and nursery irrigation practices. In Irrigation- 6th Edition. Chapter 22: (xxx-xxx)

  18. Bilderback, Ted. 2005. Nuts and Bolts of the Nursery Industry: A Reference and Resource Manual, (3rd edition). North Carolina Association of Nurserymen, Raleigh, N.C. 219 pgs.

  19. Yeager, Tom, Ted Bilderback, Donna Fare, Charles Gilliam, John Lea-Cox, Alex Niemiera, John Ruter, Ken Tilt, Stuart Warren, Ted Whitwell and Robert Wright.. 2007. Best management practices: Guide for producing Nursery Crops Version 2. Southern Nursery Association. Atlanta, GA.: pg1- 108.

  20. Bilderback, Ted, Anthony LeBude, Joe Neal, Craig Adkins, Charles Safley, and Ted Feitshans. 2007. Best Management Practices for field production of nursery stock. North Carolina Nursery and Landscape Association. 75 pgs.

F.    Abstracts

  1. Bilderback, T. E. and R. H. Mattson. 1975. Whitefly preference evaluation on ten poinsettia cultivars treated with ancymidol. HortScience 10:309 (Abstr.).

  2. Bilderback, T. E. and R. H. Mattson. 1976. Comparisons of ancymidol treated and whitefly infested Annette hegg, Eckespont C-1 and Rochford Poinsettia cultivars. HortScience 11:304 (Abstr.).

  3. Williams, R. F. and T. E. Bilderback. 1978. Kalmia latifolia and Rhododendron maximum propagation by cuttings. HortScience 13:364 (Abstr.).

  4. Bost, T. D. and T. E. Bilderback. 1979. Photocontrol of germination in the seeds of Kalmia latifolia. Hortscience 14:132 (Abstr.).

  5. Duncan, P. J. and T. E. Bilderback. 1979. Seed germination of Kalmia latifolia and Rhododendron maximum. Hortscience 14:132 (Abstr.).

  6. Williams, R. F. and T. E. Bilderback. 1979. Hotbed propagation of Rhododendron maximum L. and Kalmia latifolia L. stem cuttings. HortScience 14:55 (Abstr.).

  7. Bilderback, T. E. and W. C. Fonteno. 1981. Physical properties of nine container media and their effect on growth of 3 woody species. HortScience 16(3)447 (Abstr.).

  8. Fonteno, W. C. and T. E. Bilderback. 1983. Physical property changes in three container media induced by a moisture extender. HortScience. 18:570 (Abstr.).

  9. Tilt, K. M. and T. E. Bilderback. 1983. Manipulation of the physical properties of pine bark and hardwood bark media and its effect on the growth of three ornamental species. HortScience 18: 88. (Abstr.).

  10. Fonteno, W. C. and T. E. Bilderback. 1984. Changes in media moisture characteristics as affected by container coring and handpacking. HortScience 19:46 (Abstr.).

  11. Tomlinson, James D. and T. E. Bilderback. 1986. Effects of moisture extenders, bentonite and irrigation frequency on growth of Ilex x 'Nellie R. Stevens' holly. HortScience 21:782.

  12. Bilderback. T. E. 1987. Moisture extenders and wetting agent effects on two drought sensitive nursery crops. HortScience 22:1049.

  13. Bilderback, T. E. 1987. Moisture extenders and wetting agent effects on nursery crops. EOS 68:(44) 1296-1297.

  14. Bilderback, T. E. 1988. The effect of moisture extenders in container media: Five years results. HortScience 23:145.

  15. Lee, Chin Chin and T.E. Bilderback. 1989. Propagation of Heptacodium jasminoides Airy-Shaw by softwood and semi-hardwood cuttings. HortScience 24:602.

  16. Bilderback, T. E. 1990. Effects of irrigation frequency on plant growth and nutrient levels of pine bark media. HortScience 25: 849.

  17. Bilderback, T.E. 1990. Leaching of six phosphate sources from a pine bark container medium. HortScience 25:1087.

  18. Bilderback, T.E. , R.E. Bir and E.L. Phillips. 1991. Use of compost in commercial nurseries. HortScience 26:704.

  19. Bilderback, T.E. and W. C. Fonteno. 1993. Use of composts and rockwool in pine bark potting substrates. HortScience 28: 540.

  20. Bilderback, Ted E. 1994. Physical properties of double-processed pine bark: effects on rooting. ISHS Symposium on Growing Media and Plant Nutrition in Horticulture Programme p 10.

  21. Bilderback, T.E. 1996. Wetting agents used in container substrates- Are the BMPÆs? Symposium on Growing Media and Plant Nutrition Programme Freising, Germany. p 55.

  22. Bilderback, T.E., Jason Daniels, and Stuart L. Warren 1997. Managing irrigation by electrical conductivity. ISHS Symposium on Growing Media and Hydroponics, Windsor, Canada. p 52.

  23. T.E. Bilderback, T.E. Glasgow, T. Johnson, K.B. Perry, and C.D. Safley. 1998. Consumers Perceptions of Plant Quality. HortScience 33: 530.

  24. Flinn, Cindy L., Ray Campbell and Ted E. Bilderback. 1998. Assessment of biologically converted swine waste as a fertilizer source in container production. HortScience 33: 449.

  25. Sanders, D.C.,D.W. Monks, T.E. Bilderback, and M.D. Boyette. 2001. Compentency-based training program in horticulture for county extension agents in North Carolina. HortScience 36 (3): 429.

  26. Warren S.L. and T.E. Bilderback. 2003. Irrigation timing: Effect on plant growth, photosynthesis, water-use efficiency and substrate temperature. ISHS Symposium on Growing Media and Plant Nutrition in Horticulture Program.

  27. Bilderback, Ted, E. 2003. Wulpak used as a mulch or an amendment for nursery potting substrates. ISHS Symposium on Growing Media and Plant Nutrition in Horticulture Program.

  28. Owen, J.S., S.L. Warren, T.E. Bilderback, J. Albano. 2005. Physical properties of pine bark substrate amended with industrial mineral aggregate. ISHS Symposium on Growing Media and Plant Nutrition in Horticulture Program p 37.

  29. Rippy, J., P. Nelson, T. Bilderback, D. Hesterberg, E. Kamprath, W. Swallow. 2005. Evaluation of limestone physical and chemical properties on neutralization capacity. ISHS Symposium on Growing Media and Plant Nutrition in Horticulture Program p 38.

  30. Lea-Cox, John D., David S. Ross, Cindy Zhao, Theodore E. Bilderback, Mary Lorscheider, Thomas H. Yeager, J. Roger Harris, Susan D. Day, Chaunxue Hong, William L. Bauerle, Richard C. Beeson, Andrew G. Ristvey and John M. Ruter. 2007. A Web-Based Knowledge Center for Water and Nutrient Management and Conservation for the Green Industry. HortScience 42 (4):898.

  31. Owen, Jim, Stuart Warren, Ted Bilderback, Dean Hesterberg, Alison Prehn, Joseph Albano. 2007. Amendments that improve water retention. HortScience 42 (4): 839.

G.   Popular Articles

  1. Bilderback, T. E. and R. H. Mattson. 1977. White fly host preference for Annette Hegg, eckespoint C-1 and Rochford Poinsettia cultivars drenched with ancymidol. Florist Rev. 38: 79-80.

  2. Bilderback, T. E. 1978. Container mixes--hardwood bark is an alternative for North Carolina. NCAN Nursery Notes 11: 19,21

  3. Bilderback, T. E. 1978. Mountain shrubbery worth $$. Research and Farming. Vol. XXXVII : 1-4.

  4. Bilderback, T. E. 1979. How to propagate mountain laurel and rosebay rhododendron from stem cuttings. Unpublished manuscript distributed at propagation workshops.

  5. Bilderback, T. E. 1979. Media for propagating nursery plants. Unpublished manuscript for summer propagation workshops.

  6. Bilderback, T. E. and J. C. Raulston. 1979. Overwintering techniques for protection of container-grown nursery stock. NCAN Nursery Notes 12(6): 33-34.

  7. Bilderback, T. E. 1980. Academic arboriculture and arboriculture and North Carolina State University. J. of Arb. 6(2)332-333.

  8. Beeson, R. C., Jr., D. M. Weatherspoon and T. E. Bilderback. 1981. Evaluation Ronstar's effectiveness for controlling weeds in containers. Amer. Nurseyman CLIV(6)14.

  9. Williams, R. F. and T. E. Bilderback. 1981. Comparison of intermittent mist and polyethylene test propagtion of Kalmia latifolia L. stem cuttings. Plant Propagator 17: 4.

  10. Bilderback, T. E. 1981. Blending pine bark and hardwood bark for a potting medium. NCAN Nursery Notes 14(1) 27.

  11. Bicket, J. and T. E. Bilderback. 1982. The effect of five rooting treatments on propagation of 5 woody ornamentals. Amer. Nurseryman 156: 85-86.

  12. Bilderback, T. E. 1982. Fertilization Principal for Street Trees. Proc. Urban Trees & Soils Workshop 1. p. 4-9.

  13. Bilderback, T. E. 1982. Establishing values for shade trees and other landscape plats. NCLA Landscape News March - April. p. 15-19.

  14. Bilderback, T. E. and M. A. Powell. 1983. Landscape bed establishment, bark incorporation and backfill studies. N.C. Turfgrass and Landscape Field Tour Summaries. p. 16-17.

  15. Powell, M. A. and T. E. Bilderback. 1983. Staking and guying landscape trees. N.C. Turfgrass and landscape field tour summaries. p. 1-3.

  16. Bilderback, T. E. 1983. Staking and guying trees: updated recommendations. NCAN Nursery Notes. 17:37-41.

  17. Bilderback, T. E. 1984. Fertilizing of shade trees in the landscape. N.C. Turfgrass and Landscape field tour summaries.

  18. Bilderback, T. E. and M. A. Powell. 1985. Shade tree protection from winter injury. N. C. Turfgrass and Landscape Field Tour Summaries.

  19. Powell, M. A. and T. E. Bilderback. 1985. Tree preparation for landscaping. N. C. Turfgrass and Landscape Field Tour Summaries.

  20. Powell, M. A. and T. E. Bilderback. 1986. Techniques and terms for urban plantings. N. C. Turfgrass and Landscape Field Tour Summaries. pg 6-8.

  21. Bilderback, T. E. and M. A. Powell. 1986. Landscape Mulches. N. C. Turfgrass and Landscape Field Tour Summaries. pg 9.

  22. Powell, M. A. and T. E. Bilderback. 1986. Tree preparation for Landscaping. N. C. Turfgrass and Landscape Field Tour Summaries. pg 23.

  23. Bilderback, T. E. 1987. PoetTree. J. of Arb. 13:36.

  24. Bilderback, T. E. 1987. Trees to avoid. Grounds Maintenance Magazine 22(9):44.

  25. Bilderback, T. E., M. A. Powell and W. A. Skroch. 1987. Landscape mulch evaluation. NC Turfgrass and Landscape Field Tour Summaries. p. 19-21.

  26. Bilderback, T. E. 1987. Low investment propagation structures. NC Turfgrass and Landscape Field Tour Summaries. p. 35-38.

  27. Bilderback, T. E. 1987. What's effecient. NCAN Nursery Notes 21(5):7.

  28. Bilderback, T. E. 1987. The bark ages. NCAN Nursery Notes 21(6):35-37.

  29. Bilderback, T. E. 1988. Standards for nursery stock. N.C. Turfgrass and Landscape Field Tour Summaries. p. 35.

  30. M. A. Powell, T. E. Bilderback, and W. A. Skroch. 1988. Landscape mulch study update. N.C. Turfgrass and Landscape Field Tour Summaries. p. 31.

  31. Bilderback, T. E. 1988. New plants in the industry. NCAN Nursery Notes 22(1):13.

  32. Bilderback, T. E. 1988. Watch your conductivity. NCAN Nursery Notes 22(2):23-24.

  33. Bilderback, T. E. Losing liners leaves little loot. NCAN Nursery Notes 22(3):15.

  34. Bilderback, T. E. Better is always better. NCAN Nursery Notes 22(4):8-12.

  35. Bilderback, T. E. 1988. Getting ready for winter. NCAN Nursery Notes 22(5):36-37.

  36. Bilderback, T.E. 1989. Healthy people: healthy environment. NCAN Nursery Notes 23(1): 37-39.

  37. Bilderback, T.E. 1989. Reuse of water in the nursery industry. NCAN Nursery Notes 23(2): 5-7.

  38. Bilderback, T.E. 1989. A Tree-mendous opportunity. NCAN Nursery Notes 23(3): 18-19.

  39. Bilderback, T.E. 1989. Post harvest handling of nursery stock. N.C. Turfgrass and Landscape Field Tour Summaries. p.38-39.

  40. Bilderback, T.E. and R. E. Sneed. 1989. Irrigation water. NCAN Nursery Notes 23(5):23.

  41. Bilderback, T. E. 1990. Handling and planting bare root nursery stock. N.C. Turf and Landscape Field Tour Summaries p. 29.

  42. Bilderback, T. E. 1990. New potting recipes for containers. NCAN Nursery Notes 23(2): 40-41.

  43. Bilderback, T. E. and M. A. Powell. 1990. Cultivating field grown nursery stock. NCAN Nursery Notes 23(3):19-20.

  44. Bilderback, T. E. 1990. Watch your conductivity. J. Atlantic Coast Camellia Soc. 3 7(2):26-27.

  45. Bilderback, T.E. 1990. Recycling Plastic: A real film feat. NCAN Nursery Notes 24:23-35.

  46. Bilderback, T.E. 1990. Winter acclimation. NCAN Nursery Notes 24:33-38.

  47. Lee, Chin Chin and T.E. Bilderback. 1991. Propagation of Heptacodium jasminoides Airy-Shaw by softwood and semi-hardwood cuttings. NCAN Nursery Notes 24:31-33.

  48. Bilderback, T.E. 1991.Summer notes. NCAN Nursery Notes 24:31.

  49. Bilderback, T.E. 1991. Preparing nursery plants for winter. NCAN Nursery Notes 24: 52,57.

  50. Bilderback, T.E. 1991. Staking and guying trees: updated recommendations. Parks & Grounds Management 44:15-16.

  51. Bilderback, T.E. and J.C. Raulston. 1991. Plant introduction programs of the NCSU Arboretum. Proc. Alabama Nurs. Assoc.5: 41-43.

  52. Bilderback, T. E. , Everette F. Hartzog and Rob Means. 1991. Use of composted sawdust, fly ash and pine bark as a potting medium. NCAN Nursery Notes 24:75-77.

  53. Bilderback, T.E. 1991. Winter acclimation. J. Atlantic Coast Camellia Soc. 38:20-22.

  54. Bilderback, T.E. 1991. Pruning for specimen trees in the nursery. Proc. Alabama Nurs. Assoc. 5: 35-37.

  55. Bilderback T.E. 1991. Senate Bill 943: Another Act on Water. NCAN Nursery Notes 24:51-52.

  56. Using the pour-through procedure for checking salts and pH. NCAN Nursery Notes 24 (3):5-6.

  57. Bilderback, T.E. and Mary Lorscheider. 1992. A comparison of physical properties of double processed pine bark to other selected propagation media and their effects on rooting response of three ornamentals. NCAN Nursery Notes 25 (1):35-38.

  58. Bilderback, T.E. 1992. Improving nutrient retention in potting media by compost amendment. NCAN Nursery Notes 25 (2):23-26.

  59. Bilderback, T.E. and C.D. Safley. 1992. Trade flows and marketing practices on the North Carolina nursery industry. NCAN. Nursery Notes 25 (3):45-53.

  60. Bilderback, Ted. 1992. Growing Pot in Pot. NCAN Nursery Notes 25 (4):33-36.

  61. Tyler, Helen H., Stuart L. Warren, Ted E. Bilderback, and William C. Fonteno. 1992. Composted turkey litter: effect on chemical and physical properties of a pine bark substrate and plant growth. NCAN Nursery Notes 25 (5): 65-68.

  62. Bilderback, Ted and Doug Bailey. 1992. Recycling container plants. NCAN Nursery Notes 25 (6): 7-9.

  63. Bilderback, T.E. 1992. Quality control for horticultural compost. N.C. Turf and Landscape Field Tour Summaries p. 5-6.

  64. Davis, R.E. , T.E. Bilderback and P.R. Fantz. 1992. Arborescent æTreetopÆ english ivy. NCAN Nursery Notes 25 (4):77-78.

  65. Bilderback, T.E. 1993. Barking up more trouble. NCAN Nursery Notes 27: 18-20.

  66. Bilderback, T.E. 1992. Pulse irrigation and unsaturated flow of water in container substrates. Proc. of the N.C. Irrigation Soc. 29:40-42.

  67. Bilderback, T.E. 1993. Double pot study update. NCAN Nursery Notes 27 (6):86-87.

  68. Bailey, Douglas A. and Ted E. Bilderback. 1993. Updated worker safety regulations: are you ready? North Carolina Flower Growers Bulletin 38:1-11.

  69. Bilderback, T.E. 1993. Call it cycled irrigation. NCAN Nursery Notes 27:69-73.

  70. Bir, R.E., T.E. Bilderback and J.L. Conner. 1993. The Effect of selected controlled release fertilizers on azalea leaf retention. NCAN Nursery Notes 27 (4): 85-87.

  71. Bailey, Douglas A. and Ted E. Bilderback. 1993. Updated worker safety regulations: are you ready? NCAN Nursery Notes 27(3): 44-63.

  72. Powell, M.A. and T.E. Bilderback 1993. Plants tolerant of wet soils. N.C. Turf and Landscape Field Tour Summaries p. 23-24.

  73. Bilderback, T.E. 1993. Coming to IPPS? NCAN Nursery Notes 27(5): 8.

  74. Bilderback, Ted E. and Douglas A. Bailey. 1994. Worker protection standards: time to comply? NCAN Nursery Notes 28 (1) : 46-55.

  75. Bilderback, Ted, Dick Bir, and Ronald Jones. 1994. Evaluate nursery crops for winter injury and take pre-cautions. NCAN Nursery Notes 28 (2): 7.

  76. Bilderback, T.E. 1994. Plants, roots and copper. NCAN Nursery Notes 28 (3): 9

  77. Bilderback, Ted. 1994. Certified plants course. NCAN Nursery Notes 28 (4): 8.

  78. Bilderback, Ted 1994. Tis the season to get ready. NCAN Nursery Notes 28 (5):39.

  79. Bilderback, Ted 1994. BMP's. NCAN Nursery Notes 28 (6): 39-40.

  80. Bilderback, Ted. 1994. Effect of spinout on container plants. 1994. N.C. Turf and Landscape Field Tour Summaries p. 11-13.

  81. Bilderback, Ted 1995. Water Management and Best Management Practices. NCAN Nursery Notes 29 (2): 79-80.

  82. Bilderback, Ted. 1995. Evaluating controlled release fertilizers for longevity and plant response. NCAN Nursery Notes 29 (3) :82-85.

  83. Bilderback, Ted. 1995. Handle sphagnum moss safely. NCAN Nursery Notes 29 (3): 81.

  84. Bilderback, Ted, R.E. Bir, and J.T. Midcap. 1995. Managing drought on nursery crops. NCAN Nursery Notes 29 (3): 45-50.

  85. Bir, Richard E. And T.E. Bilderback. 1995. Fertigation field grown nursery crops. NCAN Nursery Notes 29 (4): 100-101.

  86. Bilderback, Ted E. and Cindy Flinn. 1995. Blue and brown deposits on container nursery stock. NCAN Nursery Notes 29 (5): 37-39.

  87. Tyler, Helen, H S.L. Warren and T.E. Bilderback. 1995. Wise water use. NCAN Nursery Notes 29 (5): 4345.

  88. Richard E. Bir and T.E. Bilderback. 1995. Drip irrigation for field grown nursery crops. NCAN Nursery Notes 29 (5): 78-80.

  89. Bilderback, Ted. 1995. Unfinished business. NCAN Nursery Notes 29 (6): 13.

  90. Bilderback, T.E. , R.E. Bir and J. Midcap. 1995. Managing drought on nursery crops. VNA Newsleter 65(4): 25-31.

  91. Bir Richard E. and Ted Bilderback. 1996. More than a drip in the bucket. Amer. Nurseryman 183: 55-57.

  92. Bilderback, Ted. 1996. Pot in pot. NCAN Nursery Notes 30 (2): 39-41.

  93. Bilderback, Ted. 1996. Look out below. NCAN Nursery Notes 30 (2) :37.

  94. Bilderback, Ted. 1996. Water management in container nurseries. NCAN Nursery Notes 30 (3):33-34.

  95. Bilderback, Ted. 1996. What's in a test? Not a Recommendation. NCAN Nursery Notes 30 (3): 59.

  96. Bilderback, Ted. 1996. Breaking dormancy in crape myrtle hybrids. NCAN Nursery Notes 30 (4): 32-33.

  97. Bilderback, Ted. 1996. Pot in pot. NCAN Nursery Notes 30 (5): 32-35.

  98. Bilderback, Ted. 1996. Looking into the future: nutrient management plans, NCAN Nursery Notes 30 (6): 50-52.

  99. Bilderback, Ted. 1997. This Year is Different. NCAN Nursery Notes 31(2):58-59.

  100. Tyler, Helen H., Stuart L. Warren and Ted E. Bilderback. 1997. Cyclic irrigation increases irrigation application efficiency and decreases ammonium losses. NCAN Nursery Notes. 31 (2): 76-83.

  101. Tyler, Helen H., Stuart L. Warren and Ted E. Bilderback. 1997. Reduced Leaching Fractions Improve Irrigation Use Efficiency and Nutrient Efficacy. NCAN Nursery Notes. 31 (2): 87-93.

  102. Bilderback, Ted. 1997. Research and extension study summaries for 1996. NCAN Nursery Notes. 31 (3): 99-15.

  103. Bilderback, Ted and M.A. Powell. 1997. Using compost in landscape beds and nursery substrates. NCAN Nursery Notes. 31 (3): 79-84.

  104. Bilderback, Ted. 1997. Nutrient and chemical capacity factors for water, and mid-season substrates and plant tissues for woody ornamental nursery container crops. NCAN Nursery Notes. 31 (3): 101-102.

  105. Bilderback, Ted. 1997. Bugs, salts and the weather. NCAN Nursery Notes. 31 (4): 73.

  106. Bilderback, Ted. 1997. Back to school. NCAN Nursery Notes. 31 (5): 107-108.

  107. Bilderback, Ted. 1997. Substrates for container nursery production. NCAN Nursery Notes. 31 (6): 47-51.

  108. Bilderback, Ted. 1997. Utilization of waste in north carolina's ornamental horticulture industry. Proc. Business of Beneficial Waste: Value-added Waste Products Conf. Nov. 19, 1997.p.10.

  109. Bilderback, Ted. 1998. The neuse starts here. NCAN Nursery Notes 32 (2): 96-101.

  110. Bilderback, Ted and Stu Warren. 1998. Problem plants. NCAN Nursery Notes 32 (3): 35-37.

  111. Bilderback, Ted. 1998. Are you on line yet? NCAN Nursery Notes 32 (4):61-67.

  112. Bilderback, Ted. 1998. The neuse starts here. N.C. Flower Growers' Bulletin: 43 (2): 1-6.

  113. Bilderback, Ted. 1998. A river run through them. Amer. Nurseryman 188 (2): 79-84.

  114. Bilderback, Ted. 1998. Best of the best. Amer. Nurseryman 188 (7): 56-64.

  115. Bilderback, Ted. 1998. Nursery production practices that enhance growth of container crops. Proc. Midwest Trading Container Mix Seminar. p1-11.

  116. Bilderback, Ted, Ted Whitwell, Tom Fernandez and Jason London. 1998. Effects of replacing sand with bion swine solids on physical properties and growth of ornamental crops. Proc. Carolina Nursery and Clemson University Research Update. p 1-4.

  117. Bilderback, Ted. 1999. Mazimizing growth in nursery container crops in the 1990s and beyond Y2K. NCAN Nursery Notes. 33 (2):32-34.

  118. Bilderback, Ted. 1999. Keeping up with rules on the Neuse. NCAN Nursery Notes 33 (3): 2527.

  119. Bilderback, Ted. 1999. Is it the drought of 99? NCAN Nursery Notes 33 (4): 64-69.

  120. Warren, Stuart L. Ted E. Bilderback and Helen Kruas. 1999. Do surface or incorporated controlled release fertilizers affect plant growth or nutrient losses from containers? NCAN Nursery Notes33 (6): 14-18.

  121. Bilderback, Ted . 1999. Maximize Production. NMPro 15:(6) 37-46.

  122. Bilderback, Ted. 1999. Potting mix choices and recommendations. Proc. N.C. State Nursery Short Course 1:11-15.

  123. Bilderback, Ted. 1999. Fertilizer choices and recommendations. Proc. N.C. State Nursery Short Course 1:28-29.

  124. Warren, Stuart, and Ted Bilderback. 1999. Should you be using lime in your potting mix? Proc. N.C. State Nursery Short Course 1:21-22.

  125. Glasgow,Tom E., Ted E. Bilderback,Tom Johnson, Katheryn B. Perry and Charles D. Safley. 1999. Research-Consumer perceptions of plant quality. Virginia Newsletter 69:(6) 72-73.

  126. Bilderback, Ted. 2000. Do you have any microclimates in your nursery? Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 2:9-10.

  127. Bilderback, Ted. 2000. Have you tried this? YawÆnt to? Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 2:16.

  128. Benson, Mike, and Ted Bilderback. 2000. Are diseases getting you down? Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 2:13-14.

  129. Warren, Stuart L. and Ted Bilderback. 2000. Does timing of irrigation make a difference? Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 2:15-16.

  130. Warren, Stuart L. and Ted Bilderback. 2000. Incorporating or Top-dressing fertilizers-Which is best? Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 2:18.

  131. Bilderback, Ted. 2000. A million gallons; nutrient management training and websites. NCAN Nursery Notes Vol 34:(2):60-62.

  132. Bilderback, Ted. 2000. Bark and roll over. NCAN Nursery Notes Vol 34:(3):53-59.

  133. Bilderback, Ted. 2000. North Carolina Water Supply Plans. NCAN Nursery Notes 34:(4): 41-44.

  134. Warren, Stuart and Ted Bilderback. 2000. Does it make any difference what time of day you irrigate? Nursery Crops and Ornamentals Twilight Field Day Summary :4.

  135. Bilderback, Ted and Mary Lorscheider. 2000. Deveoping guidelines for fertilizer application. Nursery Crops and Ornamentals Twilight Field Day Summary :10-13.

  136. Bilderback, Ted and Mary Lorscheider. 2000. Comparison of BionSoil swine sources and BionSoil cow waste for growing container nursery crops. Nursery Crops and Ornamentals Twilight Field Day Summary :13-14.

  137. Bilderback, Ted. 2000. WhatZZ Up!!. NCAN Nursery Notes 34 (5): 57.

  138. Bilderback, Ted. 2000. Managing runoff water is a nutrient management plan for container nurseries. NCAN Nursery Notes 34 (6): 33-35.

  139. Bilderback, Ted and Richard Bir. 2001. From the ground up: Building nursery soils. NCAN Nursery Notes 35 (1):35-37.

  140. Bilderback, Ted. 2001. Site selection and layout considerations for new and expanding plant nurseries. NCAN Nursery Notes 35 (2):17-18.

  141. Warren, Stuart L. and Ted E. Bilderback. 2001. Irrigation timing: Does it make a difference. Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 3:28-29.

  142. R. Lee Ivy, Ted E. Bilderback and Warren, Stuart L.. 2001. When do you pot your plants? Does it make a diffrence?. Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 3:32-33.

  143. Bilderback, Ted. 2001. Mixed up about container mixes? Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 3:34-37.

  144. Bilderback, Ted. 2001. Getting site specific: Nursery selection and layout considerations for new and expanding plant nurseries. NCAN Nursery Notes 35 (3):31-35.

  145. Bilderback, Ted. 2001. Got dry hydrophobic bark? Maybe an answer!!!. NCAN Nursery Notes 35 (4):71.

  146. Bilderback, Ted. 2001. Want information on nursery crops? We have a lot!!! NCAN Nursery Notes 35 (5):21-22.

  147. Bilderback, Ted and Richard Bir. 2001. Building nursery soils.  NCAN Nursery Notes 35 (5):36-38.

  148. Midcap, James T. and Theodore E. Bilderback. 2001. Camellia production with improved potting mixes. Center for Applied Nursery Research Project Summaries p 37.

  149. Bilderback, Ted. 2001. Practices to reduce winter injury on nursery crops. NCAN Nursery Notes 35 (6) : 55-57.

  150. Warren, Stuart, Ted Bilderback, Willian Reece and Mary Lorscheider 2001. Nursery floor: Does it affect containerized plant rowth? NCSU Nursery Crops and Ornamentals Twilight Field Day Tour Summary p.7.

  151. Bilderback, Ted and Mary Lorscheider. 2001 NatureSafe organic fertilizer study for growing container nursery crops. NCSU Nursery Crops and Ornamentals Twilight Field Day Tour Summary p.8.

  152. Bilderback, T. E. and S.L. Warren. 2001. Irrigation scheduling:Increasing plant growth and irrigation efficiency in container-grown nursery crops. VNLA Newsletter 71 (4):31-32.

  153. Midcap, James T. and Ted Bilderback. 2001. Camellia production with improved potting mixes. Center for Applied Nursery Research, Univ. of GA. Open House Programs and Projects summary p.18-19.

  154. Bir, Dick and Ted Bilderback. Rooting for you : Plant propagation with stem cuttings. 2002. In Rooting for You Reference Manual (ed) Ted Bilderback. North Carolina Association of Nurserymen. Raleigh, NC . pg. 17.

  155. Bilderback, T.E. and M.R. Lorscheider. 2002. A comparison of physical properties of doubleprocessed pine bark to other selected propagation substrates and their effects on rooting response of three ornamentals. In Rooting for You Reference Manual (ed) Ted Bilderback. North Carolina Association of Nurserymen. Raleigh, NC . pg.9.

  156. Bilderback, Ted and Dick Bir. 2002. Propagating for beginners. In Rooting for You Reference Manual (ed) Ted Bilderback. North Carolina Association of Nurserymen. Raleigh, NC . pg. 5.

  157. Bilderback, Ted. 2002. Using the pour thru procedure for checking EC and pH for nursery crops. NCAN Nursery Notes 36 (1): 23-27.

  158. Safley, Charles D., Herman A. Sampson, and Ted Bilderback,. 2002. Production cost estimates for selected field grown nursery stock. NCAN Nursery Notes 36 (2) : 27-29.

  159. Bilderback, Ted. 2002. Understanding nutient additives. Amer. Nurs. 195 (5):36-43.

  160. Bilderback, Ted. 2002. WhatÆs quality for a plant grown in a BIG CONTAINER? Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 4:11-14.

  161. Warren, Stuart, L. and Ted E. Bilderback. 2002. ItÆs true, when you irrigate affects plant growth! Final Results. Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 4:22-23. 162. Cooke, Al., Ted Bilderback, Stuart Warren and Rob Mikkelsen. 2002. Use of poultry litter in field nursery production. Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 4:27-28.

  162. Bilderback Ted E. and Kim Powell. 2002. LÆimpiego del compost nel giardinaggio. Fertilizzanti 4 (4): 24-26.

  163. Bilderback, Ted. 2002. Understanding nutrient additives. Amer. Nurs. 195 (5):36-43.

  164. Bilderback, Ted. 2002. Bundle Up. 2002. Amer. Nurs. 196 (7):59-62.

  165. Bilderback,Ted.2002. WhatÆs Quality for a plant grown in a big container. NCAN Nursery Notes 36: (3): 49-54.

  166. Bilderback, Ted. 2002. We are soiled! NCAN Nursery Notes 36 (4):35-36.

  167. Bilderback, Ted. 2002. Irrigation pracitces for fall. NCAN Nursery Notes 36(5):77.

  168. Warren, Stuart L. and Ted E. Bilderback. 2002. Timing of low pressure irrigation affects plant growth and water utilization efficiency. NCAN Nursery Notes 36 (6):67-75.

  169. Bilderback, Ted. 2003. A cut above the average:pruning tips. NCAN Nursery Notes 37 (1) 21-30.

  170. Bilderback, Ted and J.C. Neal. 2002. WulPak used as a mulch or an amendment for nursery potting substrates. Acta. Hort. 644:139-143).

  171. Yeager, Tom, Richard Beeson, Ted Bilderback and John Lea-Cox. 2002. If it don’t flow, It don’t grow. Comb. Proc. Intl.Plant Prop. Soc. 51:xx.

  172.  Warren, Stuart and Ted Bilderback. 2002. Irrigation time of day: Does it matter? Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. Soc. 51:xx.

  173. Bilderback, Ted E. 2003. Substrates for big pots. NmPro 19(7):52-62.

  174. Bilderback, Ted E. 2003. What's quality in a big container. Amer. Nurs.

  175. Bilderback, Ted E. 2003. A cut above the average: Pruning tips. NCAN Nursery Notes 37 (1):21-29.

  176. Bilderback, Ted E. 2003. Too Deep. NCAN Nursery Notes 37 (2):67-68.

  177. Bilderback, Ted E. 2003. The Nature of the beast. NCAN Nursery Notes 37 (3):51-52.

  178. Bilderback, Ted E. 2003. Yellow alert. NCAN Nursery Notes 37 (4):21-22.

  179. Bilderback,T., C Williamson, D. Breedlove, J. Allen and M Lorscheider. 2003. Drill and fill and other field nursery fertilizer application techniques. NCAN Nursery Notes 37 (5):21-29.

  180. Bilderback, Ted E. 2003. Lament to nurseries who met Isabel. NCAN Nursery Notes 37 (6):41-42.

  181. J.S Owen, S.L. Warren and T. Bilderback. 2003. Amending pine bark with clay. NCAN Nursery Notes 37 (6):69-73.

  182. McGinnis, Michelle, Al Cooke, Ted Bilderback and Mary Lorscheider. 2003. Organic Fertilizers for Basil Transpant Production. Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 5:22-24.

  183. Bilderback, T., C Williamson, D. Breedlove, J. Allen and M. Lorscheider. 2003. Drill and fill and other field nursery fertilizer application techniques. Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 5:36-39.

  184. Bilderback, T, R.E. Bir. J.C. Neal, C.Y. Warfield, C.A. Casey, and C..A. Adkins. 2004. What do nursery professionals do all year? January and February. NCAN Nursery Notes: 38 (1): 29-32.

  185. Bilderback, T, R.E. Bir. J.C. Neal, C.Y. Warfield, C.A. Casey, and C..A. Adkins. 2004. What do nursery professionals do all year? March and April. NCAN Nursery Notes: 38 (2): 39-41.

  186. Bilderback, T, R.E. Bir. J.C. Neal, C.Y. Warfield, C.A. Casey, and C..A. Adkins. 2004. What do nursery professionals do all year? May and June. NCAN Nursery Notes: 38 (3): 49-51.

  187. Bilderback, T.E. R.E. Bir, J.C. Neal, C.Y. Warfield, C.A. Casey, C.A. Adkins. 2004. What do nursery professionals do all year? July-August.. NCAN Nursery Notes 39:51-53.

  188. Bilderback, T.E. R.E. Bir, J.C. Neal, C.Y. Warfield, C.A. Casey, C.A. Adkins. 2004. What do nursery professionals do all year? September-October. NCAN Nursery Notes 39:35-36.

  189. Bilderback, T.E. R.E. Bir, J.C. Neal, C.Y. Warfield, C.A. Casey, C.A. Adkins. 2004. What do nursery professionals do all year? November-December. NCAN Nursery Notes 39:55-57.

  190. C. Williamson, S.L. Warren, and T.E.Bilderback. 2004. Effects of overhead irrigation timing on container plant growth and substrate temperature. Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 6:31-32.

  191. Owen, J.S., Jr., S.L. Warren, and T.E. Bilderback. 2004. Finding the balance: Calcined clay rate effects in pine bark substrates. Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 5: 33-34.

  192. McGinnis M., S.L. Warren, and T.E. Bilderback. 2004. Vermicompost - Potential as pine bark amendments for the nursery. Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 5: 33-34.

  193. Harrelson, T., S.L. Warren, and T.E. Bilderback. 2004. Pine bark substrate: Addressing the age-old question. Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 5: 33-34.

  194. Warren, Stuart L. and Ted E. Bilderback. 2004. Timing of low pressure irrigation affects plant growth and water utilization. Georgia Green Ind. Assoc. J. 15 (6): 38-41.

  195. Bilderback, Ted and John D. Lea-Cox. 2005. Leaching a problem? American Nurs. 201: 27-30.

  196. Bilderback, T.E. 2005. What’s a leaching fraction? NCAN Nursery Notes: 39 (1):51-54.

  197. Bilderback, Ted. 2005. Conservation and nutrient management practices for field production of nursery stock. NCAN Nursery Notes 39(2): 25-33.

  198. Bilderback, Ted. 2005. Pots a weigh. NCAN Nursery Notes 39(3):64-65.

  199. Bilderback, Ted. 2005. On the Road. NCAN Nursery Notes 39(4):57-60.

  200. Bilderback, Ted. 2005. Pot Luck: A New Menu for Nurseries. 39(5)47-48.

  201. Bilderback, Ted. 2005. Nutrition and Fertility of Substrates. NCAN Nursery Notes. 39 (6): 43-45.

  202. Bilderback, Ted. 2005. Pot luck!. Proc. N.C. Nursery Short Course 6: 1-3.

  203. Bilderback, Ted. 2006. Doing Something About the Weather: Finding and Creating Micro Climates. NCAN Nursery Notes. 40(1):21-22.

  204. Bilderback, Ted. 2006. Websites for Nursery Professionals. NCAN Nursery Notes: 40 (2): 39-45.

  205. Bilderback, Ted. 2006. Going Straight. NCAN Nursery Notes: 40 (3): 31-32.

  206. Bilderback, Ted. 2006. Take Me to your Leader. NCAN Nursery Notes 40 (4): 39.

  207. Bilderback, Ted, Michelle McGinnis and Stuart Warren. 2006. Vermicompost ? What's That? NCAN Nursery Notes 40 (5):39-43.

  208. Bilderback, Ted. 2006. Fall is for Rooting. NCAN Nursery Notes 40 (6):

  209. Peet, M., B. Whipker, J. Dole and T.Bilderback. 2006. The importance of high quality irrigation water in your crop. The Tomato Magazine Vol. 10 No. 4 August 2006. p. 8-12.

  210. Bilderback, Ted. 2007. Doing something about the weather; Finding and creating microclimates in the nursery. NCNLA Nursery Notes: 41(1):21-22.

  211. Bilderback, Ted. 2007. Oh, You Grow Trees? NCNLA Nursery Notes: 41 (2):41-43.

  212. Bilderback, Ted. 2007. My Trip to Italy to Visit Nurseries. NCNLA Nursery Notes: 41 (3):41-43.

  213. Bilderback, Ted. 2007. Summer Irrigation. NCNLA Nursery Notes: 41 (4):42-43.

  214. Bilderback, Ted. 2007. Planning a Disaster? You Should! NCNLA Nursery Notes: 41 (5):42-47.

  215. Bilderback, Ted. 2007. What’s a KiWi?. NCNLA Nursery Notes: 41 (6):xx-xx.

  216. Bilderback, Ted E., James S Owen Jr., Stuart L. Warren and Joseph P. Albano. 2007. Non-organic Amendments Can Extend Medai Life. NMPro 23(4):37-42.

  217. Bilderback, Ted E. 2007. Drought Concerns Cause Water Woes. NMPro 23(9):29-30.

  218. Owen, James S. Jr., Stuart L. Warren, Ted Bilderback, and Joseph P Albano. Can Clay Improve Plants? Ornamental Outlook: 16 (8):34-36.

  219. Bilderback, Ted. 2008. Out and about in Kiwi country. NCNLA Nursery Notes: 42 (2) 59-62.

  220. Bilderback, Ted. 2008. Kiwi nurseries down under. NCNLA Nursery Notes: 42 (3) 53-57.

  221. Bilderback, Ted. 2008. Finishing up the great down under adventure. NCNLA Nursery Notes: 42 (4) 48-54.

H.  Thesis

Own

  1. Bilderback, T. E. 1973. An ecological study of pollen germination in Polygonum. M.S. Thesis. Emporia State University, Emporia, Kansas.

  2. Bilderback, T. E. 1976. Greenhouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) preference and ancymidol-induced responses in Annette Hegg, Eckespoint C-1 and Rochford poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherima) cultivars. Ph.D. Thesis. Kansas State University, Manhattan.

Directed

a.   M.A; MH.

  1. Bost, T. D. 1978. Factors related to Kalmia latifolia L. seed germination. Non-thesis M.A. Report. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, 43 p.

  2. Phillips, E. Lewis, Jr. 1989. Evaluation of slow release fertilizer nutrient levels in containers and monitoring nutrient loss from a container nursery. Non-thesis MA Report. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, 23 p.

  3. Phillip Alan Hight. 1994. Irrigation, substrates and SpinOut effects on Red Maple and Elm trees grown in pot in pot. Non-thesis MA Report. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, 34 p.

  4. Jason H. Daniels. 1997. Managing irrigation by electrical conductivity. Non-thesis MH Report. North Carolina State University. 7p.

  5. Williams Anne D. 2000. Effacy of bion swine solids on nutrient loss and plant growth in container-grown nursery production. Non-thesis MH Report. North Carolina State University. 26p.

  6. Cooke, Albert R. 2002. Use of poultry litter in field nursery production. Non-thesis Report. North Carolina State University. 7p.

  7. Williamson, Carroll. 2004. Timing of Overhead Irrigation Affects Growth and Substrate Temperature of Container Grown Plants. Non-thesis Report. North Carolina State University. 9p.

  8. Wells, Tiffany H. 2005. How Do You Manage Aged Versus Fresh Pine Bark?  Non-thesis Report. North Carolina State University. 5p.          

b. MS

  1. Duncan, P. J. 1979. seed germination of Kalmia latifolia L. and Rhododendron maximum L. M.S. Thesis. North Caroina State University, Raleigh, 26 p.

  2. Williams, R. F. 1979. Rooting response of Rhododendron maximum L. and Kalmia latifolia L. stem cuttings to hormones, medium fertility, source and propagating structures. M.S. Thesis. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, 37 p.

  3. Flusche, V. M. 1981. Factors affecting rooting response of Kalmia latifolia L. and Rhododendron maximum L. stem cuttings. M.S. Thesis. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, 65 p.

  4. Tomlinson, James Davis. 1985. Effects of moisture extending agents, sand and bentonite on physical properties of a pine bark medium and their effect on the growth of woody ornamentals. M.S. Thesis. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, 63 p.

  5. Ivy, R. Lee, Ted E. Bilderback and Stuart L. Warren. 2000. Potting date and rate of fertilization affects plant growth, nutrient content and substrate EC. MS Thesis. North Carolina State University Raleigh, 32 p.

  6. Prehn, Alison, 2008. A gravimetric approach to real-time monitoring of substrate water content in container grown nursery crops. MS Thesis. North Carolina State University Raleigh, 85 p.

     
c.   Ph.D.

  1. Tilt, K. M. 1983. Effects of physical and chemical properties of container and propagation media on the growth and rooting response of woody ornamentals. Ph.D. Thesis. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, 70 p.

  2. Lee, Chin Chin. 1990. Inflorescence development and cultural production practices of Heptacodium jasminoides. Ph.D. Thesis. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, 51 p.

  3. Russell, Alice Brown. 1995. Important urban trees of North Carolina and trees of the North Carolina maritime forest and barrier islands. Ph.D. Thesis. North Carolina State University, 352 p.

  4. Tyler, Helen Hoge. 1995. Irrigation and fertilization management in containerized horticultural crop production. Ph.D. Thesis. North Carolina State University, 123 p.

  5. Glasgow, Thomas Edward. 1999. Consumer Perceptions of Plant Quality. Ph.D Thesis. North Carolina State University, 110 p.

  6. Cavins, Todd J. 2002. Adapataion of PourThru nutrient sampling to greenhouse crop production. Ph.D. Thesis. North Carolina State University.

  7. Owens, James S. Jr. 2006. Clay amended soilless substrates: Increasing water and nutrient efficiency in containerized crop production. Ph.D. Thesis. North Carolina State University.

  8. McGinnis, Michelle S. 2007. Sustainable use of vermicomposted hog waste: The use of worm castings as nursery growing substrates amendment to increase water and nutrient efficiency in containerized plant production. Ph D.Thesis. North Carolina State University.

Revised 8_08

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