Theodore R. Simons
Unit Leader, USGS Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
Professor, Applied Ecology and Forestry
Department of Applied Ecology
226A David Clark Labs
North Carolina State University
Raleigh, NC 27695-7617
B.S. University of Wisconsin, 1975
M.S. University of Washington, 1979
Ph.D. University of Washington, 1983
Full Curriculum Vitae
Avian ecology, wildlife biology, conservation biology
Current Research Topics
Breeding ecology of forest songbirds in the southern
Modeling habitat associations of breeding songbirds and terrestrial salamanders
Ecology and conservation of American Oystercatchers AMOY Working Group, AMOY Tracking Project
Improving animal sampling methods
Conservation of Hawaiian and Black-capped Petrels
Estimating detection probabilities on bird point counts "All Bird Radio" and frog call surveys "Ribbit Radio"
Current Graduate Students and Post-docs
Michael Cove (Post-doc)
Shilo Felton (Ph.D.)
Recent Graduate Students and Post-docs
George Farnsworth (Ph.D./Post-doc)
Susan Shriner (Ph.D.)
Melissa Davis (M.S.)
Erin Hyde (M.S.)
Jeremy Lichstein (M.S.)
Kendrick Weeks (M.S.)
Conor McGowan (M.S.)
Andrei Podolsky (Ph.D.)
Larissa Bailey (Ph.D.)
Sarah Mabey (Post-doc)
Mat Alldredge (Ph.D./Post-doc)
Ray Webster (Post-doc)
Jerome Brewster (M.S.)
Krishna Pacifici (M.S.)
Jason Riddle (Post-doc)
Nathan Tarr (M.S.)
Arielle Waldstein (M.S.)
Shiloh Schulte (Ph.D.)
Becky Keller (Ph.D.)
Jessica Stocking (M.S.)
Matthew Krachey (Post-doc)
Tracy Borneman (M.S.)
Allison Nolker (M.S.)
Eli Rose (M.S.)
Michael Cove (Ph.D.)
Nathan Hostetter (Ph.D.)
AEC 501 - Ornithology
Felton S.K., K.H. Pollock, and T.R. Simons. 2018. Response of beach-nesting American Oystercatchers to off-road vehicles: An experimental approach reveals physiological nuances and decreased nest attendance. Condor 120: 47-62. DOI.org/10.1650/CONDOR-17-84.1
Cove, M.V., B. Gardner, T.R. Simons, R. Kays, and A.F. O’Connell. 2017. Free Ranging domestic cats (Felis catus) on public lands: estimating density, activity, and diet in the Florida Keys. Biological Invasions. DOI 10.1007/s10530-017-1534-x.
Schulte, S.K. and T.R. Simons. 2016. Hurricane Disturbance Benefits Nesting American Oystercatchers. Waterbirds 39: 327-337.
Miller, D.A.W., L.L. Bailey, E.H. Campbell Grant, B.T. McClintock, L.A. Weir, and T.R. Simons. 2015. Performance of occupancy estimators when basic assumptions are not met: a test with field data where truth is known. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 6: 557-565.
Borneman, T.E., E.T. Rose, and T.R. Simons. 2014. Minimal changes in the heart rate of incubating American Oystercatchers (Haematopus palliatus) in response to human activity. The Condor 116: 493-503.
R.P. Clay, A.J. Lesterhuis, S. Schulte, S. Brown, D. Reynolds, and T.R. Simons. 2014. A global assessment of the conservation status of the American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus). Special Issue, International Wader Study Bulletin 20:62-82.
Sollmann, R., B. Gardner, A.W. Parsons, J.J. Stocking, B.T. McClintock, T. R. Simons, K.H. Pollock, and A.F. O’Connell. 2013. A spatial mark-resight model augmented with telemetry data. Ecology 94: 553-559.
Parsons, A.W., T.R. Simons, A.F. O’Connell, and M.K. Stoskopf. 2013. Demographics, diet, movements, and survival of an isolated, unmanaged raccoon Procyon lotor (Procyonidae, Carnivora) population on the Outer Banks of North Carolina. Mammalia 77: 21-30.
Miller, D.A.W., L.A. Weir, B.T. McClintock, E.H. Grant, L.L. Bailey, and T.R. Simons. 2012. Experimental investigation of false positive errors in auditory species occurrence surveys. Ecological Applications 22: 1656-1674.
McClintock, B.T., L.L. Bailey, K.H. Pollock and T.R. Simons. 2010. Unmodeled observation error induces bias when inferring patterns and dynamics of species occurrence via aural detections. Ecology 91(8): 2446-2454.
Stringer, E.M., M.K. Stoskopf, T.R. Simons, A.F. O’Connell, and A. Waldstein. 2010. Ultrasonic Measurement of Body Fat as a Means of Assessing Body Condition in Free-Ranging Raccoons (Procyon lotor). International Journal of Zoology 2010: 1-6.
Martin, J., A.F. O’Connell Jr., W. L. Kendall, M.C. Runge , T.R. Simons, A.H. Waldstein, S.A. Schulte, S.J. Converse, G.W. Smith, T. Pinion, M. Rikard, E.F. Zipkin. 2010. Optimal control of native predators. Biological Conservation 143: 1751-1758.
Stanislav, S., Pollock, K.H., T.R. Simons, and M.W. Alldredge. 2010. Separation of Availability and Perception Processes for Aural Detection in Avian Point Counts: a Combined Multiple Observer and Time-Of-Detection Approach. Avian Ecology and Conservation 5(1): 3.
Simons, T. R., K. H. Pollock, J. M. Wettroth, M. W. Alldredge, K. Pacifici, and J. Brewster. 2009. Sources of measurement error, misclassification error, and bias in auditory avian point count data. pp. 237-254 in D.L. Thomson et al. (eds.), Modeling Demographic Processes in Marked Populations, Environmental and Ecological Statistics 3, Springer Science and Business Media.
Alldredge, M.W., Pacifici, K., T.R. Simons, and K.H. Pollock. 2008. A field evaluation of the effectiveness of distance sampling and double independent observers to estimate detection probability in aural avian point counts. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 1349-1356.
Webster, R. A., Pollock, K. H., and Simons, T. R. 2008. Bayesian spatial modeling of point transect data from bird surveys. Journal of Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Statistics (13): 121-139.
Alldredge, M.W. T.R. Simons, K.H. Pollock, and K. Pacifici. 2007. A Field Evaluation of the Time-of-detection method to estimate population size for Aural Avian Point Counts. Avian Ecology and Conservation 2 (2):13.
Alldredge, M.W., K.H.
Pollock, T.R. Simons, J.A. Collazo, and S.A. Shriner 2007. Time of
detection method for estimating abundance from point count surveys. The
Simons, T.R., S.A. Shriner, and G.L. Farnsworth. 2006. Comparison of breeding bird and vegetation communities in primary and secondary forests of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Biological Conservation 129: 302-311.
McGowan, C.P., T.R. Simons, W. Golder, and J. Cordes. 2005 A comparison of American Oystercatcher reproductive success on barrier beach and river island habitats in coastal North Carolina. Waterbirds 28: 150-155.
Hyde, E.J., and T.R. Simons. In 2004. Sampling Salamanders in Great Smoky Mountains National Park: What are we really sampling? In: Status and Conservation of US Amphibians (M.J. Lannoo ed.). University of Iowa Press.
Simons, T.R., F.R. Moore, and S.A. Gauthreaux. 2004. Mist netting trans-Gulf migrants at coastal stopover sites: the influence of spatial and temporal variability on capture data. In: The use of mist nets to monitor bird populations, (C.J. Ralph et al. eds.). Studies in Avian Biology.
Bailey, L. L., T. R. Simons, and K. H. Pollock. 2004. Spatial and temporal variation in detection probability of plethodon salamanders using the robust capture-recapture design. Journal of Wildlife Management 68: 14-24.
Farnsworth, G. L., K. H. Pollock, J.
L. Nichols, T. R. Simons, J. E. Hines, and J. R. Sauer. 2002. A removal
model for estimating detection probabilities from point count surveys. The Auk