Global Revision: Seeing the "big picture"
Global revision focuses on organization, development of ideas, tone and register.
Local Revision: Paying attention to details.
Local revision focuses on editing for word choice, sentence fluency, grammar, spelling and punctuation.
1) Once you have a finished draft, try to set it aside for a day before coming back to it.
2) Go back and reread the assignment, so that the requirements are fresh in your mind.
3) Read the paper aloud, listening for a smooth flow of words.
Suggestions for making global (large, big picture) revisions:
- Can you give a one-sentence description of the argument or main point?
- Sometimes as you draft, you take the paper in an unexpected direction for which your introduction doesnít account. After rereading your paper, does the introduction accurately address what your paper argues or discusses?
- Ask a friend to read your introduction - the first paragraph or two - and tell you what she or he thinks the paper will be about.Development
- Pay special attention to the transitions - particularly the first and last sentence of every paragraph. Does one paragraph lead you to the next in a logical manner?
- Sometimes itís easier to "see" the organization if you make an outline after you have a draft. Go through the paper and write a list of the topic each paragraph covers. Does this order make sense? Is there a better order? Do you find places where you are repeating yourself?Some suggestions for local (sentence-level) revision:
- When you reread the paper, do you notice places where your ideas need more examples, details, or specific information to support them? Look especially for places where youíve made statements or claims. Do you offer information to back it up?
- Ask someone to read your paper to see if there are places that are confusing, that seem to need more support explanation. Where are there good ideas that could be made stronger if more information were provided?
Are there specific concerns you have about your writing or problems that you know frequently occur? Keep a list of those and check for them. Edit for: correct verb tense, subject/verb agreement, parallel structure, word choice, punctuation (avoiding run-on sentences, sentence fragments, comma splices), articles, prepositions, and general idiomatic usage.