Comments to:  david_austin@ncsu.edu]

Semester Year
Day1 2:30-5:00 Day2 19:00-21:30

Instructors' Names
Office location, office hours, office phone #s, e-mail

We investigate the notions of norm and choice as they arise in sexuality by examining a variety of controversies about sex work and its representation, especially in pornography.

Prerequisites: Two courses in relevant topic areas (e.g., in philosophy, psychology, film or cultural studies, sociology) at junior-level or above, and instructors' permission; enrollment limited to 15 students.

Course Format: One seminar meeting each week, and one viewing session each week. The course carries 4 hours of credit.

How to Get a Grade:

(i) Seven 750-1000 word papers on obscenity and the empirical evidence of harm; the civil rights approach and criticisms of it; porn in the classroom; anti-porn stars; porn stars and other sex workers; children and sexuality; porn puzzles; due by dates specified in schedule; specific questions set by instructors (40% of grade);

(ii) 1250 word paper (10% of grade) on lessons learned from 'mock jury' determinations on selected material: for each item studied (or a specified subset, depending on time constraints), all fifteen seminar members (12 jurors, and three alternates) will apply (a) the US Supreme Court Miller standard; (b) NC state obscenity statutes; and (c) the MacKinnon/Dworkin model ordinance to determine if the material is obscene [(a), (b)], pornographic [(c)] or erotica [neither obscene nor pornographic]. A worksheet specific to each standard will be supplied. Time permitting, some items may be viewed and evaluated a second time at the course's end. If feasible, a mock trial will be held for some material, if cooperating attorneys can be found.

(iii) Final project-3000+ words (40% of grade). This may be a further development of one of the short papers in (i). Additional topics will be suggested by the instructors. An abstract and annotated bibliography for the paper is due three weeks before the end of the semester. Collaborative efforts may be undertaken only with the instructors' permission; everyone in the group will receive the same grade.

(iv) journal on videos viewed and related discussion; will be read and graded by instructors; 10% of grade.

The work of graduate students taking the course as PHI 588 will be evaluated with criteria appropriate to their more advanced academic standing. All students will also be expected to complete class surveys on topics pertinent to the course. A summary of the results will provide material for class discussion, but individual responses will be kept confidential. The surveys may be repeated at the course's end to help gauge any changes in student views.

How to Get an Even Better Grade: If your course grade is on a borderline, you may boost it into the higher range by providing well-written, well-argued 250-500 word reviews of any three of the movies viewed in the course.

On-Line Resources and Participation:

(i) One or two listserves will be set up to allow discussion with anti-pornography activists and with sex workers; all students are expected to at least monitor the discussion and write about it in their journals.

(ii) The course will have a web page with readings and links to other web resources. Students are expected to make use of this page in preparing for discussion and in writing their papers. At least ten links must be discussed in the journal, with their specific bearing on a course topic made clear.

Guidelines for Students Enrolled:
[*] The sort of material that we will be viewing can elicit strong responses; among common responses are amusement, anger, anxiety, arousal, boredom, disgust, embarrassment, sadness - any of which may be accompanied by characteristic physical reactions. (Some instructors' experiences suggest that arousal is far less common than might be expected, perhaps because of the group setting for viewing and the analytical approach taken towards the material. There have also been reports that viewing this sort of material can cause memories to surface, including memories of abuse.) These responses and reactions can serve as data for class investigations. It is therefore important for us to work to make this classroom a safe place for students to share experiences, feelings, and ideas. Here are some rules to help us. Students may propose new rules or amendments to these rules if they wish.

--There will be no interruption of any student by another. The instructors will moderate all discussion and invite the next comment when the current speaker is finished.

--There will be no personal criticism of any kind directed by any member of the class to any other member of the class. You are entitled to comment on the intellectual content of another student's words, to contribute your own feelings and thoughts to the discussion, and to pose questions to other students, but you are not entitled to tell your peers that they are "crazy," "perverted," "stupid," "sexist," or anything else of this nature. Treat peers with respect, civility and kindness. This includes treating any silences with respect, as well. Of course, none of this precludes exercising one's sense of humor, but it should be done with appropriate care.

--Some students may choose to give accounts in class of their personal experiences, though no one will ever be required to do so. These accounts are welcome in this class if and only if they relate directly to the discussion. Since they are true accounts, students in this class should respect others' privacy and observe the rules of confidentiality--if you tell someone else's stories outside of class, please omit the student's name and any other identifying features. No one may tape any session of the course for any purpose (except as necessary to assist any disabled students).

--This class is not a therapy session, and the instructors cannot serve as any student's therapist. Feelings and personal experience may be introduced into discussions if and only if they contribute to the class's understanding of the particular topic under discussion. Students who wish to explore the option of therapy may speak with the instructors privately for a list of on- and off-campus resources.

--Some students may find it necessary to take an occasional 'breather' during class; they should feel free to stand up and walk out of class if they find themselves in need of a short break. It's OK to ask a classmate to accompany you during such a break. (Joking about this is alright only if it's friendly; see above.)

--The ideal for discussion will be defined by Richard Feldman's Reason and Argument. Although the ideal may not always be attained, we will always aim for it.

Participation in Studies: Aside from the in-class surveys, you may be invited to participate in one or more academic studies on the effects that taking this course has on your attitudes. Any such study would have been reviewed and approved by the relevant university committee on the use of human subjects. Participation would in any case be strictly voluntary and is not a course requirement. If you did choose to participate, any study could be discussed in one of your shorter required course papers [see (i), in How to Get a Grade, above].

On Cheating: Avoid even the appearance of cheating. Cheating on an exam is an academic felony and may carry an academic 'death penalty' (expulsion). The least penalty is "F" on the exam and Academic Integrity Probation for the remainder of the student's career here. Every student must abide by the Honor Pledge ("I HAVE NEITHER GIVEN NOR RECEIVED UNAUTHORIZED AID ON THIS WORK OR ASSIGNMENT.") for all work in PHI 498/588. For more details see: http://www.univ.edu/honor

Disability-Related Student Needs: It is University policy to provide, on a flexible and individualized basis, accommodations to students who have disabilities that may affect their ability to participate in course activities or to meet course requirements. We strongly encourage any students with disabilities to contact us as soon as possible to discuss their individual needs for accommodations so that those needs can be met in a timely manner. Course material can be made available in alternative formats upon request. For more information on pertinent university policy, see: http://www.univ.edu/ada


Jane Gallop, Feminist Accused of Sexual Harassment (Duke University Press, 1997), $10.95
Catharine MacKinnon, Only Words (Harvard University Press, 1996), $10.95
Sexuality and the Law CoursePak, $??.??
Jill Nagle, Whores and Other Feminists (Routledge, 1997), $17.95
Robert Stoller and I. S. Singer, Coming Attractions (Yale University Press, 1996), $14.00

Richard Feldman, Reason and Argument (Prentice Hall, 1992) $44.00
- all available at the University Bookstore

Material on Reserve:
Mail-order catalogues for pornography and toys
Adult Video News
X-Rated Video Tape Guide


The Harm of Offensiveness: Background on Current US Obscenity Law
William W. Van Alstyne, The First Amendment: Cases and Materials 2nd ed. (The Foundation Press, 1995), selection from Chapter 4B. KF4770.A7 V36 1995 [discuss religious motivations; invite religious conservatives to class]
Carole S. Vance, "[New] Introduction," in Carole S. Vance, ed., Pleasure and Danger: Exploring Female Sexuality (Routledge and K. Paul, 1984). HQ29 .P54 1984 [New Ed (San Francisco: Thorsons, May 1993)]
Susan Stewart, "The Marquis de Meese," repr. in Crimes of Writing: Problems in the Containment of Representation (Oxford University Press, 1991) PN171.F6 S74 1991
Stanley Fish, "There's No Such Thing as Free Speech - and it's a Good Thing, Too," There's No Such Thing as Free Speech - and it's a Good Thing, Too (Oxford University Press, 1994) 102-119. Z657 .F5 1994

Evidence of Harm Caused by Pornography:
Nick Ravo, "The Core of Paul Little [Max Hardcore]," ICON Thoughtstyles (January/February 1998) 100-109.

After reading Ravo's article, the seminar members will decide whether or not they will view a Max Hardcore video and if so, how best to view it. If they do decide to view one (or scenes from several), then the seminar will select from among: Adventures of Max Hardcore series, Max World series, Cherry Poppers series

Diana E. H. Russell, Against Pornography: The Evidence of Harm (Russell Books, 1993). HQ471 .R93 1993
Jen Durbin, "When a Scientist Stacks the Deck: A Review of Diana E. H. Russell's Against Pornography: The Evidence of Harm," Spectator Magazine v33 n2 issue 835 (Sept 30-Oct 6, 1994), 4.
Cynthia Gentry, "Pornography and Rape: An Empirical Analysis," Deviant Behavior: An Interdisciplinary Journal 12 (1991): 277-288.
Daniel Linz and Neil Malamuth, Communication Concepts 5: Pornography (Sage Publications, 1993). HQ471 .L56 1993
William A. Fisher and Guy Grenier, "Violent Pornography, Antiwoman Thoughts, and Antiwoman Acts: In Search of Reliable Effects," Journal of Sex Research v31 n1 (Feb 1994) 23-40.
[Susan Roth and Ronald Batson, Naming the Shadows?]
[literature on race and psychology of other stereotypes? critique of notion of stereotype?]
[David Lewis on causal explanation?]

Pornography Regulation: A Civil Rights Approach
Helen E. Longino, "Pornography, Oppression, and Freedom: A Closer Look," in Laura Lederer, ed., Take Back the Night: Women on Pornography (William Morrow, 1980). HQ471 .T27 1980b
Catharine A. MacKinnon, "Francis Biddle's Sister," Feminism Unmodified (Harvard University Press, 1987). KF478 .M25 1987 [contains text of model civil rights anti-pornography ordinance]
Catharine A. MacKinnon, "Pornography as Defamation and Discrimination," Boston University Law Review 71 (1991) 795-802.
Catharine A. MacKinnon, Only Words (Harvard University Press, 1993). KF4772 .M33 1993

Criticisms of the Civil Rights Approach
American Booksellers Association v. Hudnut, 771 F.2d 323 (7th Cir 1985) (Judge Easterbrook)
Joshua Cohen, "Freedom, Equality, Pornography," in Austin Sarat and Thomas R. Kearns, eds., Justice and Injustice in Law and Legal Theory (University of Michigan Press, 1996) 99-137. KF210 .J87 1996
Joshua Cohen, "Freedom of Expression," Philosophy and Public Affairs v22 n3 (Summer 1993) 207-264.
Drucilla Cornell, The Imaginary Domain: Abortion, Pornography and Sexual Harassment (Routledge, 1995). K644 .C67 1995
Sally Haslanger, "On Being Objective and Being Objectified" in Louise Antony and Charlotte Witt, eds., A Mind of One's Own: Feminist Essays on Reason and Objectivity (Westview Press, 1993),
Susan Etta Keller, "Viewing and Doing: Complicating Pornography's Meaning," Georgetown Law Review 81 (1993).
Mandy Merck, "MacKinnon's Dog: Antiporn's Canine Conditioning," in Nancy Hewitt, Jean O'Barr, and Nancy Rosebaugh, eds., Talking Gender: Public Images, Personal Journeys, and Political Critiques (University of North Carolina Press, 1996). HQ1180 .T35 1996
{David Austin, "The Hidden Life of MacKinnon's Dog," unpub. ms.}
Robin West, "The Feminist-Conservative Anti-Pornography Alliance and the 1986 Attorney General's Commission on Pornography Report," American Bar Foundation Research Journal No. 4 (1987) 681-711.
Robin West, "Pornography as a Legal Text: Comments from a Legal Perspective," in Susan Gubar and Joan Hoff, eds., For Adult Users Only: The Dilemma of Violent Pornography (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989), 108-130. HQ471 .F67 1989
Linda Williams, "Second Thoughts on Hard Core: American Obscenity Law and the Scapegoating of Deviance," in Pamela Church Gibson and Roma Gibson, eds., Dirty Looks: Women, Pornography and Power (London: BFI Publishing, 1993), 46-61. HQ471 .D57 1993

Sexual Harassment, Speech Codes and a Hostile Academic Environment
Jane Gallop, Feminist Accused of Sexual Harassment (Duke University Press, 1997) LC212.862 .G35 1997
Mari J. Matsuda, "Assaultive Speech and Academic Freedom," Where is Your Body?: and Other Essays on Race, Gender, and the Law (Beacon Press, 1996). E184.A1 M314 1996
William W. Van Alstyne, "The University in the Manner of Tiananmen Square," Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly 21 1 (1993).

Pedagogy of Pornography
Jen Durbin, "Confessions of a Feminist Porn Teacher," in Cherie Matrix, ed., Tales from the Clit: A Feminist Experience of Pornography (AK Press, 1996) 52-59.
Constance Penley, "Porn Pedagogy: Teaching Pornography as a Popular Film Genre," UC 'Censorship + Silencing' Series, UCSB, 11/4/94.
Linda Williams, "The Pedagogy of Porn: Censorship, Self-Censorship and the Undergraduate Curriculum,", UC 'Censorship + Silencing' Series, UCSB, 11/4/94.
Linda Williams and Constance Penley, handout on history of porn for Telluride Festival
JUMP CUT 8 Special Section on Teaching Porn
Videos: select ones actually used in college courses on pornography as a popular film genre (may overlap with those indicated below)

Dangers of Inquiry
David Austin, "(Sexual) Quotation without (Sexual) Harassment?," in James Elias et al, eds., Porn 101 Eroticism, Pornography and the First Amendment (Prometheus Books, 1999)
Roger Shattuck, Forbidden Knowledge: from Prometheus to Pornography (St. Martin's Press, 1996). PN56.K64 S43 1996 [selection from chapter on de Sade; include copy of warnings]
Philip Kitcher, "An Argument about Free Inquiry," Noûs v31 n3 (1997) 279-306.


Political Performance Artists and performative writing - a closer look at agency and autonomy (Judith Butler, Excitable Speech; Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, The Epistemology of the Closet; Drucilla Cornell; perhaps something more accessible?)
Linda LeMoncheck, Loose Women, Lecherous Men: A Feminist Philosophy of Sex (Oxford University Press, 1997) HQ12 .L398 1997

Could a Free Woman Choose Porn?
Linda Marchiano, Ordeal (Bell Pub. Co., 1983). PN2287.L66 A36 1983
Robert J. Stoller and I. S. Levine, Coming Attractions: The Making of an X-Rated Movie (Yale University Press, 1993) HQ471 .S75 1993 [-on the making of Stairway to Paradise VCA Pictures, 1990, starring Nina Hartley et al]
Robert J. Stoller, Porn: Myths for the Twentieth Century (Yale University Press, 1991). HQ472.U6 S86 1991
The Private Diaries of Tori Welles [the video and the discussion of its production from October 1997 rec.arts.movies.erotica]
Robin West, "Sex, Reason and a Taste for the Absurd," Georgetown Law Journal 81 (1993) 2413-2456.
Robin West, "The Harms of Consensual Sex," American Philosophical Association Joint Newsletter on Feminism and Philosophy and Philosophy and Law n94 n2 (Spring 1995) 52-55.
Eithne Johnson, "???"JUMP CUT
{amateur porn and problems of genre definition and consent? }

Anti-Porn Stars, Left and Right
{Contact a variety of conservative and feminist anti-pornography groups to seek speakers.}
Phyllis Schlafly, Pornography's Victims (Alton Pere Marquette Press, 1987) LCCN: 86-072068 ISBN: 0934640084 $4.95
Bertha Coughenour
Andrea Dworkin, Mercy, Right Wing Women {Andrea Dworkin on-line library}
John Stoltenberg, Refusing to be a Man
Evelina Giobbe? (WHISPER)
Gail Dines and Bob Jensen, eds., Pornography Production and Consumption of Male Supremacy (Routledge, 1997)
Catharine MacKinnon (Femininsm Unmodified and Only Words; coverage of Michigan conference, supplemented by e-mail correspondence from some students who ran it)
{Susan E. Bernick, "The logic of the development of feminism; or, is MacKinnon to feminism as Parmenides is to Greek philosophy?" Hypatia Wntr 1992, v7, n1, p1(15)}
{Naomi Morgenstern, "'There is Nothing Else Like This': Sex and Citation in Pornogothic Feminism," in Thomas Foster, Carol Siegel, and Ellen E. Berry, eds., Sex Positives? The Cultural Politics of Dissident Sexualities (New York: NYU Press, 1997)}
{Suzanne Rhodenbaugh, "Catharine MacKinnon, May I Speak?" (a reply to MacKinnon's essay, "Does sexuality have a history?", Michigan Quarterly Review, Winter 1991.) Michigan Quarterly Review Summer 1991, v30, n3, p415(8)
Dinitia Smith, "Love is Strange," New York (March 22, 1993) 36-43}
Robin Morgan [Not a Love Story video and B. Ruby Rich, "Anti-Porn Soft Issue, Hard World," in Patricia Erens, ed., Issues in Feminist Film Criticism (Indiana University Press, 1990), 405-417.]
Diana E. H. Russell (Against Pornography)
[A Civil Rights Approach to Pornography, Catharine A. MacKinnon and Andrea Dworkin, Tape 7 of "Speech, Equality and Harm: Feminist Legal Perspectives on Pornography and Hate Propaganda," University of Chicago Law School, March 5-7, 1993.]
[Peril or Pleasure? featuring Evelina Kane of Women Against Pornography and pornographer Candida Royalle, with appearances by Annie Sprinkle and Susie Bright. Torrice Productions, 1230 Market St. #123, SF, CA 94103, $35.00 ppd.]
[Video and transcript of Professor Catharine A. MacKinnon's 11/22/93 appearance before the National Press Club, televised on C-SPAN.]

Porn Performers and Other Sex Workers
Frederique Delacoste and Priscilla Alexander, eds., Sex work: Writings by Women in the Sex Industry (Cleis Press, 1987)
Wendy Chapkis, Live Sex Acts: Women Performing Erotic Labor (Routledge, 1997)
Laurie Shrage, Dilemmas of Feminism (Routledge, 1994). [chapter on prostitution]
Two of the "NEA Four": Karen Finley, Holly Hughes?
Juli Ashton [Adam and Eve, Inc., offical spokesperson visits class?]
{Ask Ashton to choose video to be shown (perhaps from her 'Ashton View/Wicked Pictures' series)}
Nina Hartley
At her web site [http://www.nina.com/] FAQ, she says: I really enjoyed making "The Big Thrill"; "Debbie Duz Dishes"; "The Secret Life Of Nina Hartley"
Stairway to Paradise, Deep Inside Nina Hartley, instructional video series on oral sex, anal sex and on swinging, swingers' convention video
Carol Leigh (aka "Scarlet Harlot") {ask her to select video}
Dorrie Lane (House 'O Chicks) {ask her to select video}
Brenda Loew (EIDOS: Everyone is Doing Outrageous Sex)
Carol Queen, Carol Queen's Great Vibrations Video, Real Live Nude Girl, PoMoSexuals
Candida Royalle (Femme Video series and Susan Keller, "Powerless to Please: Candida Royalle's Pornography for Women," New England Law Review 26 (Summer 1992): 1297-1307.)
Annie Sprinkle (Williams, Straayer, Kapsalis, Angry Women)
Sluts and Goddesses video, [forthcoming book]
Linda Williams, "A Provoking Agent: The Pornography and Performance Art of Annie Sprinkle," in Pamela Church Gibson and Roma Gibson, eds., Dirty Looks: Women, Pornography and Power (London: BFI Publishing, 1993), 176-191.
Jill Nagle, Whores and other Feminists (Routledge, 1997). HQ144 .W544 1997
Veronica Vera (Miss Vera's Finishing School for Boys Who Want to Be Girls)
Marcia Pally, Patti O. Britton and Feminists for Free Expression?
Shane's World series v2 video? ("Valley Girl Porn")
Teighlor (fat-porn star)
Brandy Alexandre (outspoken ex-porn star, director and producer)
Mike South, Jim Gunn, Paul Norman (male producers on line); William Margold
Patrick Riley, Sheldon Ranz, Roger T. Pipe - reviewers on line
Mark Kernes (Adult Video News Features editor) (plus women writers on AVN staff?)
Bobby Lilly (pro-porn feminist, anti-censorship activist and Nina Hartley's wife)
Midori (Michele Evette Watley, Jodi Watley's sister)
Danni O (Danni's Hard Drive)
Nena Cherry??
Kiva (Crème de la Face series)
Brittany O'Connell
Careena Collins, Esq.
Kylie Ireland
Patricia Kennedy
Tina Tyler
Nakita Kash
Darklady [author (with Tyfanny Million), editor, webmistress, r.a.m.e. participant]
AuburnGal (r.a.m.e. participant)
DK Stanton (MaestroDKS, journalist and r.a.m.e. participant)
Angelina Kantola (moderator of soc.sexuality.general, r.a.m.e. participant, biochemist)
Tyfanny Million (dancer; former wrestler, porn star, producer, owner of Immaculate Conceptions Video)
Kate Bornstein, Gender Outlaw
Tracy Quan (PONY organizer, prostitute and author)
Asia Carrera (porn star and computer geek)
Greta Christina (Blowfish, author, critic)
Teri Weigel (Playboy Playmate to Porn Star)
Susie Bright
Norma Jean Almodovar (COYOTE-LA director, ISWFACE director, author, prostitute)
(and any others on-line)
{the content of this section should depend in part on who is available on-line; because many of the performers travel, they may be unavailable much of the time}

Developing Choices - Children and Sexuality
NY v. Ferber
Child Pornography Protection Act 1997 and simulated child cyberporn: from the Congressional Record, statement by Senator Orin Hatch, sponsor
Sex Education: SIECUS vs. American Family Foundation (Wildmon)
Naomi Wolf, Promiscuities: the Secret Struggle for Womanhood (Random House, 1997). HQ27.5 .W65 1997
Pat Califia, "The Great Kiddy-Porn Panic of '77," "The Aftermath of the Great Kiddy-Porn Panic of '77," both in Public Sex: the Culture of Radical Sex (Cleis Press, 1994). HQ76.3.U5 C354 1994

III. ABNORMAL OR JUST UNUSUAL? Genders and Subgenres - Puzzles about Normative Judgments Raised by Porn

{There are too many topics in this section to be covered in class; some could be paper topics instead, with student presentations. BDSM and porn of less common sexual orientations - gay, lesbian, bi - should however be discussed in class.}

Thomas Nagel, "Sexual Perversion," The View from Nowhere (Oxford University Press, 1986).
Gayle S. Rubin, "Thinking Sex," in Carole S. Vance, ed., Pleasure and Danger [and possibly follow-up essays, e.g., "The Traffic in Women," including interview by Judith Butler in differences]

Gay Porn
Thomas Waugh, Hard to Imagine: Gay Male Eroticism in Photography and Film from Their Beginnings to Stonewall (Columbia University Press, 1996). TR681.H65 W38 1996
Chi Chi Larue, Making It Big: Sex Stars, Porn Films and Me (Alyson Publications, 1997).
Scott O'Hara, Autopornography (Haworth Press, 1997) $14.95 pbk ISBN: 1-56023-898-4
video featuring Scott O'Hara?
Mandy Merck, "More of a Man: Gay Porn Cruises Gay Politics" in Perversions
More of a Man
video [biography of Joey di Stefano?]
Tim Evanson (gay porn expert/moderator for rec.arts.movies.erotica)

Lesbian (vs. Girl/girl) Porn
Chris Straayer, Deviant Eyes, Deviant Bodies: Sexual Re-Orientation in Film and Video (Columbia University Press, 1996)
Linda Williams, "Pornographies on/scene, or diff'rent strokes for diff'rent folks," in Lynne Segal, ed., Sex Exposed: Sexuality and the Pornography Debate (Rutgers University Press, 1993)
Suburban Dykes (Nina Hartley/hard)
San Francisco Lesbians series (any one of eight) (hard)
and one soft/softer:
House 'O Chicks videos (softer)
Tigress Productions (soft)
Plum Productions (soft)
Sheldon Ranz's Sapphic Scorchers (list of the top 320 g/g scenes - which if any of these is lesbian porn?)

Bi Porn
Donald E. Hall and Maria T. Pramaggiore, eds., RePresenting Bisexualities: Subjects and Cultures of Fluid Desire (New York University Press, 1996). HQ74 .R46 1996
Bi and Beyond III: The Hermaphrodite, Beyond the Valley of the Bi's

How many genders? How many sexes? Why ask why?
Anne Fausto-Sterling, "The Five Sexes," The Sciences v33 n2 (March-April 1993) 20-26. Anne Fausto-Sterling, Sexing the Body (Basic Books, 2000)
Anne Fausto-Sterling, Myths of Gender: Biological Theories about Women and Men, Rev. ed. (Basic Books, 1992). QP81.5 .F38 1992
Pat Califia, Sex Changes: the Politics of Transgenderism (Cleis Press, 1997). HQ77.9 .C35 1997
Carol Queen and Lawrence Schimmel, eds., PoMoSexuals (Cleis Press, 1997).
Bernice Hausman, Changing Sex
Kate Bornstein, My Gender Workbook (Routledge, 1998)
'Trannie' (TS/TV) videos
Les and Annie video

Slash (Kirk/Spock) Porn: Gay(?) Porn by Women, for Women
Constance Penley, NASA/Trek: Popular Science and Sex in America (Verso, 1997). E169.04 .P45 1997

Black and other Interracial Porn
Gloria Cowan and Robin R. Campbell, "Racism and Sexism in Interracial Pornography: A Content Analysis," Psychology of Women Quarterly 18 (1994) 323-338.
Robert Morales, "Sexy MFs: Multicultural Porn Stars Get Open," Vibe v5 n4 (May 1997) 74-79.
Inner City Black Cheerleaders Search series (v?, with Midori, or a video directed, scored and written by her, starring her: Showtime)
video Crossing the Color Line (New Age Pictures, 1997)
Michael Paul's Porn Anti-Racism Coalition (PARC) (r.a.m.e threads, website)

White Trash Porn
Constance Penley, "Crackers and Whackers: The White Trashing of Porn," in Matt Wray and Annalee Newitz, eds., White Trash: Race and Class in America (Routledge, 1997). E184.A1 W397 1997
video: Buttman's Big Tit Adventure

Fat Porn
Richard Klein, Eat Fat (Pantheon Books, 1996). [chapter on fat porn]
Laura Kipnis, Bound and Gagged: Pornography and the Politics of Fantasy in America (Grove Press, 1996). HQ472.U6 K56 1996 [chapter on fat porn]
Life in the Fat Lane series (v?, with Teighlor)
Big Top Plumpers

Medical Porn
Rosalind A. Coleman and James Rolleston, "Anatomy Lessons: The Destiny of a Textbook, 1971-72," South Atlantic Quarterly 90:1 (Winter 1991) 153-173
Terri Kapsalis, Public Privates: Performing Gynecology from Both Ends of the Speculum (Duke University Press, 1997)
porn parodies and pastiche with medical themes? (e.g., Candy Striper Nurses)

Disabled in Porn
[the disabled are almost invisible in porn, except for some amputee fetish material; even sex education for the disabled is a very recent phenomenon and there is little available material]

'Period' and 'Puke' Porn: Beyond Disgust
David Austin, "Why is Period-Porn So Rare?: An Explanatory Mess"
William Ian Miller, Anatomy of Disgust (Harvard UP, 1997)
Julia Kristeva, The Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection
Michelle LD, Compilation, video segment
Risqué Renee, Bloody Mess video
Blue Blood - Vampyre/Goth porn magazine

SciFi (Robo- and Alien) Porn
Digital porn with alien cybersex - could it be obscene? [Gareth Branwyn, "Compu-Sex: Erotica for Cybernauts," South Atlantic Quarterly v92 n4 (Fall, 1993), 779-791; selection from Penley, Technoculture; selections from Ellen Datlow, ed., Alien Sex or Off Limits]

Painful Pleasures - Bondage, Domination and Sadomasochism (BDSM)
[invite local dominatrixes to talk to class]
Robin Ruth Linden, Darlene R. Pagano, Diana E. H. Russell and Susan Leigh Star, eds., Against Sadomasochism: A Radical Feminist Analysis (Frog in the Well, 1982)
Patrick D. Hopkins, "Rethinking Sadomasochism: Feminism, Interpretation, and Simulation," Hypatia v9, n1 (Winter 1994) 116-142
Melinda Vadas, "Reply to Patrick Hopkins," Hypatia v10 (Spring 1995) 159-161.
Patrick D. Hopkins, "Simulation and Reproduction of Injustice: A Reply," Hypatia v10 (Spring 1995) 162-170.
Claudia Card, Lesbian Choices (Columbia University Press, 1995). [Last chapter, on BDSM] HQ75.5 .C36 1995
SAMOIS, Coming to Power: Writings and Graphics on Lesbian S-M, Rev. ed. (Alyson Publications, March 1982), with follow-up book:
Pat Califia and Robin Sweeney, The Second Coming: A Leatherdyke Reader (Alyson Publications, 1996)
Elizabeth A. Meese, (Sem)erotics: theorizing lesbian: writing (NY: NYU Press, 1992). PS153.L46 M44 1992
Mandy Merck, "The Feminist Ethics of Lesbian S/M," Perversions: Deviant Readings (Virago Press, 1993), 236-266. HQ71 .M45 1993
Robert J. Stoller, Pain and Passion: A Psychoanalyst Explores the World of S and M (Plenum Press, 1991). HQ79 .S86 1991
Robin West, "The Difference in Women's Hedonic Lives: A Phenomenological Critique of Feminist Legal Theory," Wisconsin Women's Law Journal v81 n3, 1987, 81-145. [repr. in Narrative, Authority, and Law (University of Michigan Press, 1993) K235 .W47 1993]
D&S or B&D or S/M videos? Kim Wylde series?

Norms Abroad: International Porn
Long time pornful:
Japan's Violent Porn
The Netherlands (or Denmark) - (Almost) Anything Goes?
Societies in Transition: Ireland(!) and Russia

Additional Suggestions:

Arrange e-mail contact with people discussed - invitation issued jointly from all instructors. Almost all of those listed above are on-line. (One listserve may not feasible since many anti-pornography activists will not 'appear' with their opponents; so may need two moderated listerves, supplemented by independent e-mail.)

Devise list of questions for participants in listserve. E.g.,
What is your best work, and why do you think it's the best?
Have you ever been harassed in the course of your work?
What have you learned about sexuality, positive, negative or neutral, from your work? How has your work changed you and your attitudes towards sexuality?

Establish web page with links

Consider holding area symposium on Dangerous Knowledge and Dangerous Ignorance to run concurrently with seminar or afterwards.

If college or university administrators object to use of explicit material for informed discussion, consider teaching the course without such material while urging the administrators to meet with the class to explain why it was necessary for students' educations to be restricted in this way. If the administrators refuse to meet with the class, students are still free to seek appointments with them, individually or as a group, or to speak out in other fora. It might also be useful to encourage broader campus discussion of the issue, perhaps as part of the aforementioned area symposium on Dangerous Knowledge and Dangerous Ignorance.

[*]Adapted from rules developed by Dr. Kali Tal (George Mason and Yale) who has taught a number of courses on sensitive subjects and worked extensively with groups of Vietnam veterans, Holocaust survivors and rape/incest survivors.


This page last revised on Tue, Sep 12, 2000