NATURAL RESOURCES RESEARCH INFORMATION PAGES

 

Outdoor Recreation Research: Research Topics



I. RESEARCH TOPICS

Issues in Outdoor Receation Planning and Management

Issues in Recreation on Public Lands

Issues in Visitor Education and Communication

Issues in Nature Tourism and Ecotourism

Spatial Perspectives of Outdoor Recreation: Recreation Geography

Ecological Perspectives of Outdoor Recreation: Recreation Ecology

Socio-Psychological Perspectives of Outdoor Recreation

II. RESOURCE LIST

I. RESEARCH TOPICS

Issues in Outdoor Recreation Planning and Management

General References

    • Anderson, D. H., D. W. Lime and T. L. Wang. 1998. Maintaining the Quality of Park Resources and Visitor Experiences: A Handbook for Managers. St. Paul, MN, University of Minnesota, Department of Forest Resources, Cooperative Park Studies Unit. new
    • Coble, T. L., D.H. Anderson, D.W. Lime, T.E. Fish, J.L. Thompson, and J. Chen.  2008.  Managing Visitor Use in Coastal and Marine Protected Areas: Maintaining the Quality of Resource Conditions and Visitor Experiences. Washington, DC: NOAA Coastal Services Center. new
    • Cordell, K. 1999. Outdoor Recreation In American Life. Champaign, IL: Sagamore Pub.
    • Bell, S. 1997. Design for Outdoor Recreation. London, UK: E&FN Spon.
    • Hultsman, J., R. L. Cottrell, and W. Z. Hultsman. 1998. Planning Parks for People (2nd Ed.). State College, PA: Venture Press.
    • Sharpe, G. W., C. H. Odegaard, and W. F. Sharpe. 1994. A Comprehensive Introduction to Park Management. 2nd Ed. Champaign, IL: Sagamore Publishing.

On-line Resources

top of page
 
 

Issues in Recreation on Public Lands

General References

On-line Resources

top of page
 
 

Issues in Visitor Education and Communication

General References

On-line Resources

top of page
 
 

Issues in Nature Tourism and Ecotourism

General References

    • Eagles, P. and S. McCool. 2003. Tourism in National Parks and Protected Areas: Planning and Management. Oxon, UK: CABI Publishing.
    • Wood, M. E. 2002. Ecotourism: Principles, Practices & Policies for Sustainability. Burlington, VT: The International Ecotourism Society.
    • Weaver, D. 2000. The Encyclopedia of Ecotourism. Oxon, UK: CABI Publishing.
    • Honey, M. 1998. Ecotourism and Sustainable Development. Washington, DC: Island Press.

On-line Resources

top of page
 
 

Spatial Perspectives of Outdoor Recreation: Recreation Geography

Recreation geography as a subdiscipline of geography may be defined as the systematic study of recreation (including tourism and sport) patterns and processes on the landscape (Smith 1982). As recreation and tourism phenomena typically involve recreationists (tourists), recreation resources and recreational activities, recreation geographers seek to identify, explain, and predict the spatial patterns of these three components as well as their association and interaction in space. While recreation geography is not unique in its subject matter, it offers valuable spatial understanding and useful spatial insights that are often lacking in other studies utilizing an ecological, economic or socio-psychological perspective.

General References

    • Hall, C. M. and S. Page. 2002. The Geography of Tourism and Recreation: Environment, Place and Space (2nd Ed.). New York: Routledge.
    • Hall, C. M. and A. A. Lew. eds. 1998. Sustainable Tourism Development: A Geographical Perspective.London: Longman.
    • Shaw, G. and A. M. Williams. 1994. Critical Issues in Tourism: A Geographical Perspective. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.

On-line Resources

top of page
 
 

Ecological Perspectives of Recreation and Tourism: Recreation Ecology

Recreation ecology may be defined as the systematic study of ecological relationships and interactions between humans and the environment in recreation/tourism contexts. It is particularly concerned with the assessment and monitoring of recreation-related resource impacts, and the role of management and maintenance in sustaining recreational use. The majority of research in this field has been conducted in natural and semi-natural areas. Some major topics include: (1) recreation impact assessment and monitoring techniques, (2) recreation impacts on undeveloped campsites and trails, (3) recreationist-wildlife conflicts, and (4) education and information for minimizing recreation impacts.

General References

    • Buckley, R. (ed.) 2004. Environmental Impacts of Ecotourism. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing.
    • Newsome, D., S. A. Moore, and R. K. Dowling 2002. Natural Area Tourism: Ecology, Impacts, and Management . Clevedon, UK: Channel View Books.
    • Hammitt, W. E. and D. N. Cole. 1998. Wildland Recreation: Ecology and Management (Second Edition). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
    • Liddle, M. J. 1997. Recreation Ecology: The Ecological Impact of Outdoor Recreation and Ecotourism. London: Chapman and Hall.
    • See also Visitor Education and Communication

On-line Resources

top of page
 
 

Socio-Psychological Perspectives of Outdoor Recreation

Social and environmental psychologists have been concerned with leisure and recreation phenomena in the outdoors. This line of research may be classified into four major themes: (1) recreational participation and its constraints, (2) recreation choice and behavior, (3) social interaction and its processes among recreationists and social groups, and (4) the nature and quality of recreation experience and its beneficial consequences. Recreation social scientists seek to understand these and other themes by adapting theories, constructs and methods developed in social psychology, environmental psychology and sociology. Some popular constructs in outdoor recreation research include motivation, preferences, crowding, conflict and satisfaction.

General References

    • Driver, B. L. (ed.). 2008. Managing to Optimize the Beneficial Outcomes of RecreationState College, PA: Venture Publishing. new
    • Jackson E. L. and T. L. Burton, eds. 1999. Leisure Studies: Prospects for the Twenty-First Century. State College, PA: Venture Publishing.
    • Manning R. E. 1999. Studies in Outdoor Recreation: A Review and Synthesis of the Social Science Literature in Outdoor Recreation (2nd Ed.). Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University Press.

On-line Resources

II. RESOURCE LIST

top of page



This page is compiled and maintained by Yu-Fai Leung, Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management, North Carolina State University.

Outdoor Recreation Research Front Page
NRRIPS Front Page
Comments and Suggestions

Last Updated: August 15, 2009

Copyright © 1995-2009 Yu-Fai Leung

Disclaimer