Ecological effects of global climate change

Global changes in CO2

Bazzaz, FA.  1990.  The response of natural ecosystems to the rising global CO2 levels.  Annual Reviews of Ecology and Systematics 21:167-196.

Bazzaz, FA, SL Miao, PM Wayne.  1993.  CO2-induced growth enhancements of co-occurring tree species decline at different rates.  Oecologia 96:478-482

Vitousek, PM.  1994.  Beyond global warming: ecology and global change.  Ecology 75:1861-1876.           

Schlessinger, WH.  1997.  Biogeochemistry: an analysis of global change.  Academic Press, San Diego, CA, USA.

Phillips, OL, et al.  1998.  Changes in the carbon balance of tropical forests: evidence from long-term plots.  Science 282:439-442.

Fan, S, et al.  1998.  A large terrestrial carbon sink in North America implied by atmospheric and ocianic carbon dioxide data and models.  Science 282:442-446.

Houghton, RA, JL Hackler, KT Lawrence.  1999.  The US carbon budget: contributions from land-use change.  Science 285:574-578.

DeLucia, EH, et al.  1999.  Net primary production of a forest ecosystem with experimental CO2 enrichment.  Science 284:1177-1179.

Kremen, et al.  2000.  Economic incentives for rain forest conservation across scales.  Science 288:1828-1832.

Caspersen, JP, SW Pacala, JC Jenkins, GC Hurtt, PR Moorcroft, RA Birdsey.  2000.  Contributions of land-use history to carbon accumulation in US forests.  Science 290:1148-1151.

Tilman, D, P Reich, H Phillips, M Menton, A Patel, E Vos, D Peterson, J Knops.  2000.  Fire suppression and ecosystem carbon storage.  Ecology 81:2680-2685.

S.L. LaDeau, and J.S. Clark.  2001.  Rising CO2 levels and the fecundity of forest trees.  Science 292:95-98.

Pacala, S., and R. Socolow.  2004.  Stabilization wedges: solving the climate problem for the next 50 years with current technologies.  Science 305:968-972.

Reviews of effects of climate change
Easterling, DR, GA Meehl, C Parmesan, SA Changnon, TR Karl, LO Mearns.  2000.  Climate extremes: observations, modeling, and impacts.  Science 289:2068-2074.

Hughes, L. 2000. Biological consequences of global warming: is the signal already apparent? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15:56-61.

Harvell, C.D., C.E. Mitchell, J.R. Wark, S. Altizer, A.P. Dobson, R.S. Ostfeld, and M.D. Samuel.  2002.  Climate warming and disease risks for terrestrial and marine biota.  Science 296:2158-2162.

Walther, G., E. Post, P. Convey, A. Menzel, C. Parmesan, T.J.C. Beebee, J. Fromenin, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, and F. Bairlein.  2002.  Ecological responses to recent climate change.  Nature 416:389-395.

Root, T.L., Price, J.T., Hall, K.R., Schneider, S.H., Rosenzweig, C., and Pounds, J.A. 2003.  Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants.  Nature 421:57-60.

Parmesan, C., and G. Yohe. 2003. A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems. Nature 421:37-42.

Effects of climate change on life histories
Brown, JL, S Li, N Bhagabati.  1999.  Long-term trend toward earlier breeding in an American bird: a response to global warming.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 96:5565-5569.

Crick, HQP, C Dudley, DE Glue, DL Thomson.  1997.  UK birds are laying eggs earlier.  Nature 388:526.

Bradley, NL, AC Leopold, J Ross, W Huffaker.  1999.  Phenological changes reflect climate change in Wisconsin.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 96:9701-9704.

Visser, ME, AJ van Noordwijk, JM Tinbergen, CM Lessells.  1998.  Warmer springs lead to mistimed reproduction in great tits (Parus major ).  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 265:1867-1870.

DW Inouye, B Barr, KB Armitage, BD Inouye.  2000.  Climate change is affecting altitudinal migrants and hibernating species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 97:1630-1633.

Edwards, M., and A.J. Richardson.  2004.  Impact of climate change on marine pelagic phenology and trophic mismatch.  Nature 430:881-884.

Effects of climate change on distributions
McDonald, KA, JH Brown.  1992.  Using montane mammals to model extinctions due to global change.  Conservation Biology 6:409-415.

Parmesan, C. and 12 others. 1999. Poleward shifts in geographic ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming. Nature 399:579-583.

Davis, AJ, LS Jenkinson, JH Lawton, B Shorrocks and S Wood. 1998. Making mistakes when predicting shifts in species range in response to global warming. Nature 391:783-786.

Pounds, JA, MPL Fogden, JH Campbell.  1999.  Biological response to climate change on a tropical mountain.  Nature 398:611-615.

Parmesan, C.  1996.  Climate and species’ range.  Nature 382:765-766.

Thomas, CD and JJ Lennon.  1999.  Birds extend their ranges northwards.  Nature 399:213.

Effects of climate change on community composition
Harte, J, R Shaw.  1995.  Shifting dominance within a montane vegetation community: results of a climate-warming experiment.  Science 267:876-880.

Holbrook, SJ, RJ Schmitt and JS Stephens, Jr. 1997. Changes in an assemblage of temperate reef fishes associated with a climate shift. Ecological Applications 7:1299-1310.

Petchey, OL, PT McPhearson, TM Casey and PJ Morin. 1999. Environmental warming alters food-web structure and ecosystem function. Nature 402:69-72.

Effects on extinction
Thomas, C.D., et al.  2004.  Extinction risk from climate change.  Nature 427: 145-148.

Climate predictions
Berry, P. M., T. P. Dawson, P. A. Harrison, and R. G. Pearson. 2002. Modelling potential impacts of climate change on the bioclimatic envelope of species in Britain and Ireland. Global Ecology and Biogeography 11:453-462.

Williams, P., L. E. E. Hannah, S. Andelman, G. U. Y. Midgley, M. Araujo, G. Hughes, L. Manne, E. Martinez-Meyer, and R. Pearson. 2005. Planning for climate change: Identifying minimum-dispersal corridors for the cape Proteaceae. Conservation Biology 19:1063-1074.

Crozier, L., and G. Dwyer. 2006. Combining population-dynamic and ecophysiological models to predict climate-induced insect range shifts. The American Naturalist 167:853-866.

Lawler, J. J., S. L. Shafer, D. White, P. Kareiva, E. P. Maurer, A. R. Blaustein, and P. J. Bartlein. 2009. Projected climate-induced faunal change in the Western Hemisphere. Ecology 90:588-597.