Conservation of Marine Reserves


Roberts, CM.  1997.  Ecological advice for the global fisheries crisis.  Trends in Ecology and Evolution 12:35-38.

Roberts, CM, B Halpern, SR Palumbi, and RR Warner.  2001.  Designing marine reserve networks: why small, isolated protected areas are not enough.  Conservation Biology in Practice 2:11-17.

Allison, GW, J Lubchenco, and MH Carr.  1998.  Marine reserves are necessary but not sufficient for marine conservation. Ecological Applications 8:S79-S92.

Bohnsack, JA.  1996.  Marine reserves, zoning, and the future of fishery management.  Fisheries 21:4-17.

Sala, E, O. Aburto-Oropeza, G. Paredes, I. Parra, J.C. Barrera, P.K. Dayton.  2002. A General Model for Designing Networks of Marine Reserves.  Science 298: 1991-1993

The science of marine reserves.  2003.  Special issue of Ecological Applications.

Palumbi, S.R.  2004.  Marine Reserves and ocean neighborhoods: The spatial scale of marine populations and their management.  Annual Review of Environment and Resources 29:31-68.

Empirical work
Halpern, BS and RR Warner.  2002.  Marine reserves have rapid and lasting effects.  Ecology Letters 5:361-366.

Roberts, CM, JA Bohnsack, F. Gell, JP Hawkins, and R Goodridge.  2001.  Effects of marine reserves on adjacent fisheries. Science 294:1920-1923.

Roberts, CM.  1997.  Connectivity and management of Carribean coral reefs.  Science 278:1454-1457.

McClanahan, T.R. and S. Mangi.  2000.  Spillover of exploitable fishes from a marine park and its effect on the adjacent fishery. Ecological Applications 10:1792-1805.

Öhman, M.  C., A.  Rajasuriya, and E. Olafsson.  1997.  Reef fish assemblages in north-western Sri Lanka: distribution patterns and influences of fishing practices.  Environmental Biology of Fishes 49:45-61.

Roberts,  C.  M.  1995.  Rapid build-up of fish biomass in a Caribbean marine reserve.  Conservation Biology 9:815-826.

Russ,  G.  R.  and A.  C.  Alcala.  1996.  Do marine reserves export adult fish biomass? Evidence from Apo Island, central Philippines.  Marine Ecology Progress Series.  132:1-9.

Hooker, SK, and LR Gerber.  2004.  Marine reserves as a tool for ecosystem-based management: the potential importance of megafauna.  Bioscience 54:27-39.

Fanshawe, S, GR Vanblaricom, and AA Shelly.  2003.  Restored top carnivores as detriments to the performance of marine protected areas intended for fishery sustainability: a case study with red abalones and sea otters.  Conservation Biology 17:273-283.