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Food Web Modification

Simberloff, D.  1998.  Flagships, umbrellas, and keystones: is single-species management passe in the landscape era?  Biological Conservation 83:247-257.

Jackson, JBC, et al.  2001.  Historical overfishing and the recent collapes of coastal ecosystems.  Science 293:629-638.

Crooks, KR, and ME Soule.  1999.  Mesopredator release and avifaunal extinctions in a fragmented system.  Nature 400:563-566.

McLaren, BE, and RO Peterson.  1994.  Wolves, moose, and tree rings on Isle Royale.  Science 266:1555-1558.

Berger, J, PB Stacey, L Bellis, and MP Johnson.  2001.  A mammalian predator-prey imbalance: grizzly bear and wolf extinction affect avian neotropical migrants.  Ecological Applications 11:947-960.

Pauly, D, V Christensen, J Dalsgaard, R Froese, and F Torres, Jr.  1998.  Fishing down marine food webs.  Science 279:860-863.

Ellsworth, J.W., and B.C. McComb.  2003.  Potential effects of passenger pigeon flocks on the structure and composition of presettlement forests of eastern North America.  Conservation Biology 17:1548-1558.

Myers, RA, and B Worm.  2003.  Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities.  Nature 423:280-283.

Pinnegar, JK, NVC Polunin, P Francour, F Badalamenti, R Chemello, ML Harmelin-vivien, B Hereu, M Milazzo, M Zabala, G D'anna, and C Pipitone.  2000.  Trophic cascades in benthic marine ecosystems: lessons for fisheries and protected-area management.  Biological Conservation 27:179-200.