Gurdas Singh Sandhu, Ph.D.

 

Fellow, ORISE Research Program, US EPA

Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

gurdas@gurdas.com          +1-919-600-0490 (M)          http://gurdas.com/

 

 

 

Summary

Transportation (Onroad and Nonroad/Offroad Vehicles) - Energy Use, Alternative Fuels, Emissions, and Emissions Control Devices;  Air Pollution and Air Quality;  Energy and Environment Consulting; Technology and Business Development; Data Quality Assurance Methods;  US EPA’s MOVES model;  Computer Based Data Acquisition Systems;  LabVIEW Programming.

 

 

Education

2015

 

Ph.D. in Civil Engineering

North Carolina State University, USA

Dissertation: Evaluation of Activity, Fuel Use, and Emissions of Heavy-Duty Diesel and Compressed Natural Gas Vehicles

Advisor: Dr. H. Christopher Frey, Distinguished University Professor

2011

M.S. in Environmental Engineering

North Carolina State University, USA

Thesis: Methods for Quality Assurance of Portable Emissions Measurement System Data and Methods for Field Comparison of Alternative Fuels

Advisor: Dr. H. Christopher Frey, Distinguished University Professor

2001

B.E. in Instrumentation Engineering

Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, India

 

 

Professional Experience

2015 – XX

Fellow, ORISE Research Program, United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

2008 – 14

Graduate Research Assistant, North Carolina State University, USA

2005 – 08

General Manager, Engineering Solutions, Quantum Age Tech Solutions Pvt. Ltd. (QATSPL), India

2003 – 05

Assistant General Manager, Engineering Solutions, QATSPL

2001 – 03

Systems Engineer, QATSPL

 

 

Professional Service

Vice-Chair:  On & Off Road Mobile Sources Technical Coordinating Committee of the A&WMA

Reviewer:  Transportation Research Record, Journal of the Transportation Research Board (TRB) of the National Academies; Journal of the A&WMA; Resources, Conservation & Recycling

Member:  TRB; A&WMA; Emissions Measurement & Testing Committee of the Truck & Engine Manufacturers Association (EMA); Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE); American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME); American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)

Patents

Miller, D. W.; Hynd, W. J.; Sandhu, G. S.; Burnette, A. D. Particulate Matter/Number Synchronization Measurement Device. U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 62/052,525. Sep. 19, 2014.

 

 

Refereed Journal Papers

1.       Sandhu, G. S.; Frey, H. C.; Bartelt-Hunt, S.; and Jones, E. In-Use Activity, Fuel Use, and Emissions of Heavy Duty Diesel Roll-off Refuse Trucks. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 65 (3): 306–323, 2015.

2.       Sandhu, G. S.; Frey, H. C.; Bartelt-Hunt, S.; Jones, E. In-Use Measurement of the Activity, Fuel Use, and Emissions of Front-Loader Refuse Trucks. Atmospheric Environment, 92: 557–565, 2014.

3.       Hu, J.; Frey, H. C.; Sandhu, G. S.; Graver, B. M.; Bishop, G. A.; Schuchmann, B. G.; Ray, J. D. Method for Modeling Driving Cycles, Fuel Use, and Emissions for Over Snow Vehicles. Environmental Science & Technology, 48 (14): 8258–8265, 2014.

4.       Sandhu, G.S.; Frey H.C.  Effects of Errors on Vehicle Emission Rates from Portable Emissions Measurement Systems. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, 2340: 10-19, 2013.

5.       Boroujeni, B.Y.; Frey, H.C.; Sandhu, G.S.  Road Grade Measurement Using In-Vehicle, Stand-Alone GPS with Barometric Altimeter.  Journal of Transportation Engineering of the American Society of Civil Engineers, 139 (6): 605–611, 2013.

6.       Sandhu, G.S.; Frey H.C.  Real-World Measurement and Evaluation of Duty Cycles, Fuels, and Emission Control Technologies of Heavy-Duty Trucks.  Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, 2270: 180-187, 2012.

 

 

Select Peer-Reviewed Conference Papers

1.       Sandhu, G.S.; Frey, H.C.  Energy Use and Emissions from Diesel and Biodiesel Blends for Earthmoving Equipment.  Paper 2013-12833-AWMA, Proceedings, 106th Annual Conference and Exhibition, Air & Waste Management Association, Chicago, Illinois, June 2013.

2.       Frey, H.C.; Boroujeni, B.Y.; Liu, B.; Hu, J.; Jiao, W.; Graver, B.M.; Sandhu, G.S.  Field Measurements of 1996 to 2013 Model Year Light Duty Gasoline Vehicles.  Proceedings, 106th Annual Conference and Exhibition, Air & Waste Management Association, Chicago, Illinois, June 2013.

3.       Frey, H.C.; Sandhu, G.S.; Sun, Y.; Lee, T.; Swidan, H.; Liu, B.; Babaee, S.  Incorporating Vehicle Portable Emissions Measurement Systems into the Classroom.  Paper 2011-A-146-AWMA, Proceedings, 104th Annual Conference and Exhibition, Air & Waste Management Association, Orlando, Florida, June 2011.

 

 

Select Recent Conference Presentations

1.       Sandhu, G. S.; Frey, H. C.; Bartelt-Hunt, S.; Jones, E. In-Use Activity, Fuel Use, and Emissions of Diesel Roll-Off Refuse Trucks. 107th Annual Conference & Exhibition of the Air & Waste Management Association, Long Beach, California, June 2014.

2.       Sandhu, G. S.; Frey, H. C.; Bartelt-Hunt, S.; Jones, E. Real-World Activity and Fuel Use of Diesel and Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Trucks. PEMS International Conference and Workshop, CE-CERT, University of California-Riverside, April 2014.

3.       Sandhu, G.S.; Frey, H.C.  Biodiesel vs. Diesel: Energy Use and Emissions for Earthmoving Equipment.  Presented at 106th Annual Conference and Exhibition, Air & Waste Management Association, Chicago, Illinois, June 2013.

4.       Sandhu, G. S.; Frey, H.C.  Synchronization of Portable Emissions Measurements Systems Data.  Presented at the 23rd Annual Coordinating Research Council (CRC) Real World Emissions Workshop, San Diego, California, April 2013.

 

 

Technical Reports

1.       Frey, H.C.; Sandhu, G.S.  Series of reports for the research project “Evaluating Air Emissions and Fuel Efficiency of Solid Waste Collection Vehicles”, funded by Environmental Research and Education Foundation.  March 2012 to November 2013.

2.       Ray, J.D.; Bishop, G.; Schuchmann, B.G.; Frey, C.; Sandhu. G; Graver, B.  Yellowstone Over-snow Vehicle Emission Tests – 2012: Summary Vehicle Data and Fleet Estimates for Modeling.  Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/NRSS/ARD/NRTR—2013/661, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Denver, Colorado, January 2013.

3.       Frey, H.C.; Sandhu G.S.  Comparison of Energy Use and Emissions for Three Wheel-Loaders Operated on Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel, B20 Biodiesel, and B35 Biodiesel.  Prepared by North Carolina State University for Greener by Design, New Brunswick, New Jersey, September 2012.

4.       Frey, H.C.; Sandhu, G.S.; Graver, B.M.; Hu, J. Measurement of Fuel Use and Emissions of Over-Snow Vehicles at Yellowstone National Park.  Prepared by North Carolina State University for Louis Berger Group, Denver, Colorado, September 2012.

5.       Frey, H.C.; Sandhu, G.S.  Comparison of Fuel Use and Emissions of B-20 Fueled Combination Trucks with versus without a Fuel Additive. Prepared by North Carolina State University for Hydrotex Partners Ltd., Farmers Branch, Texas, October 2011.

6.       Frey, H.C.; Sandhu, G.S.  Comparison of Fuel Use and Emissions of B-20 Fueled Combination Trucks with versus without a Fuel Additive. Prepared by North Carolina State University for Nanostar Advanced Technologies, Burlington, North Carolina, September 2009.

7.       Frey, H.C.; Choi, H-W.; Graver, B.M.; Sandhu, G.S.  Energy Use and Emissions of a Locomotive Engine during Dynamometer Testing.  Prepared by North Carolina State University for North Carolina Department of Transportation, Raleigh, North Carolina, July 2009.

 

 

Industry Experience

2005

to 2008

General Manager, Engineering Solutions

Quantum Age Tech Solutions Pvt. Ltd., India

Responsibilities: Technology development and management, project supervision, customer feedback and relationship management, and business development.

·       Led a team that developed the pre-processor and post-processor for Tire Noise Simulation Software. Implemented high-speed parsing and packaging of multi-million point arrays. Software allows tire noise estimates at the design stage, thereby significantly cutting prototyping cost, meet noise regulations, and provide competitive advantage by reducing design cycle duration.

·       Led a team that developed software to implement Design of Experiments (DOE) based waveform analysis approach for locating defects in tire building process by using data from tire uniformity machine.

·       Supervised design and development of software for gear “health” monitoring system for detection, identification and quantification of gear defects such as eccentricity, misalignment, backlash, broken tooth, and imbalance. This product won an award at the National Instruments India annual user conference in 2005.

·       Conducted Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) studies, for a pharmaceutical company, which involved a diverse group of stakeholders such as design, quality, production, finance, and marketing.

·       Expanded business in overseas markets, specifically, sold the tire noise simulation software and coordinated software supply and technical support for a tire manufacturer in Malaysia.

·       Negotiated exclusive India representation for bolted joint analysis software from a Lancashire, UK based company.

 

 

Industry Experience (continued)

 

 

 

 

2003

to 2005

Assistant General Manager, Engineering Solutions

Quantum Age Tech Solutions Pvt. Ltd., India

Responsibilities: Manage project requirements including review of system specifications with customers, estimating project timelines and costs, technical development, and project delivery.

·       Led a team in the development of Tire Extruded Rubber Offline Profilometer. Specs: PXI (PCI eXtensions for Instrumentation) bus architecture, dual laser non-contact measurement, real-time SQL Server data storage, 25 micron accuracy along gauge, and 10 micron accuracy along length. The product helped improve accuracy of extrusion die, reduce rubber waste, and reduce tire rejection at tire building stage. Product was delivered at 50% cost of similar imported system and achieved a return on investment in six months.

·       Formulated a software coding model that improved hardware resource utilization, lean and efficient programming, and maintainable project structures.

·       Established practices to bring fresh software development recruits to full productivity on live projects.

·       Negotiated India representation for contact pressure imaging systems from a leading technology company based in Alberta, Canada.

 

 

2001

to 2003

Systems Engineer

Quantum Age Tech Solutions Pvt. Ltd., India

Responsibilities: Development of customized analog and digital data acquisition systems for PC based control.

·       Implemented real-time data encapsulation and data storage schemes for high speed and long duration computer controlled data acquisition systems.

·       Designed and developed an automotive clutch Bearing Endurance Testing System. Integrated a third party test rig with off-the-shelf electronics and custom software code. Post-processing of measurement data and statistical analysis helped the customer find out design robustness and identify causes of typical failure modes.

·       Designed and developed a race dimensional measurement system for bearings. Recycled sensors and power supply from the existing manual measurement setup. Implemented software based noise filtering routines to handle high sensitivity and micron level precision measurements. The system allowed the user to archive full test data and perform statistical analysis. Achieved over 25% reduction in the testing time over existing system.

·       Established a channel with a noise and vibration control company based in Illinois, USA to assist a leading research organization in India get dynamic material property characterization of their composite materials as per SAE J-1637 (Oberst Bar) standard.

 

 

Skills – Hardware and Software

·         LabVIEW, including Report Generation, Database Connectivity, and Noise & Vibration Toolkits

·         Machine controlled data acquisition on PXI, PCI, Serial, USB, and wireless platforms

·         Operation, calibration, and maintenance of portable emissions measurement systems (PEMS)

·         Advanced literature search & review skills; Zotero for citation and bibliography management

·         Microsoft Windows OS and SQL Server – Installation and administrator level configuration

·         ArcGIS 10.1 – Analysis of geospatial information

 

 

Other

Citizen: India

US Visa: F1 (Student), on OPT, have EAD