Adult Cognition and Emotion Lab
Socioemotional Development across the Adult Lifespan
The Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) is a widely-used affect scale. The PANAS-X is an extended PANAS version with subscales for discrete affects. Together with Dana Kotter-Grühn and Christina Röcke, we created a German version of the PANAS-X scales.
PANAS-X German

When citing the German version, the appropriate citation is:
Grühn, D., Kotter-Grühn, D., & Röcke, C. (2010). Discrete affects across the adult lifespan: Evidence for multidimensionality and multidiretionality of affective experiences in young, middle-aged and older adults. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 492-500.
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