Dennis Bahler and Laura Navarro, Combining Heterogeneous Sets of Classifiers: Theoretical and Experimental Comparison of Methods.

In recent years, the combination of classifiers has been proposed as a method to improve the accuracy achieved in isolation by a single classifier. We are interested in ensemble methods that allow the combination of heterogeneous sets of classifiers, which are classifiers built using differing learning paradigms. We focus on theoretical and experimental comparison of five such combination methods: majority vote, a method based on Bayes' rule, a method based on Dempster-Shafer evidence combination, behavior-knowledge space, and logistic regression. We develop an upper bound on the accuracy that can be obtained by any of the five methods of combination, and show that this estimate can be used to determine whether an ensemble may improve the performance of its members. We then report a series of experiments using standard data sets and learning methods, and compare experimental results to theoretical expectations.
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