Three similar historical moments: Above the line = those in power; below the line= those threatening the ones in power

 

 

Venice, 1618 Conspiracy

 

Republic/Senators/Catholics

_______________

 

Spanish ambassador, Papal conspiracy against the republic. Spanish infiltration of Venice

 

 

 

 

England, 1678-9 The Popish Plot

 

Constitutional monarchial govt. of Charles II/Royalists/Anglicans

 

_______________

 

Titus Oates & Israel Tongue allege a Jesuit/Catholic conspiracy to kill Charles II. French infiltration of England

 

*murder of Sir Edmund Berry Godfrey

 

 

 

 

 

England, 1681-2 The Exclusion Crisis

 

Constitutional monarchial govt. of Charles II/Royalists/Tory/Anglicans

 

_______________

 

Whig members of Parliament against James II becoming King, and for The Duke of Monmouth becoming king. Led by Anthony Cooper, Earl of Shaftesbury, Anglican