Eng 362

Dr. Morillo


Varieties of Religious Language in Robinson Crusoe



A rich discourse of early eighteenth-century religion, informed by Defoe's Protestant Dissenting background, appears woven through the adventure narrative.



Prayer                            (99, 119)


Saying Grace                 (68)



Secret Hints                   divine intimations, immediate apprehensions of Providential plans  (127, 136, 180)


Prophetic Dreams         reveal warnings, promises for the future (64, 144)


Evangelism                    spreading the Word (159)


Miracles and

Revelations                    (58) proof of divine intervention


backsliding,                    (66) often happens because Original Sin is repeated, intensified over time

forgetting the faith      


Catechism                      direct instruction in faith via series of questions and answers (p. 156)



Theology                        system of belief; considering the nature of God, Devil, good, evil (157-8)


Providentialism             idea of unity of times; the world's events follow a script written by God


Typology                        originally the interpretation of events in the Old Testament as foreshadowing similar events in the New Testament (Crusoe could be seen as a type of Jonah meeting misadventure at sea)

Crusoe's typology reads events in the book of his life as connected by type, as in Sept. 30th being the day chosen for repeated affliction: on successive Sept. 30ths he's captured by Turkish pirates in Morocco, and marooned on the island