Literary Theory and its various Grounds of Meaning

Dr. Morillo ENG 260


method or School††††††††††††††††††††††††† grounds of meaning

1.Biographical Criticism††††† the authorís life

2.Historicism††††††††††††††††††† ††††† history

3.New Historicism††††††††††† ††††† the subject formed by discourses of power

4.Marxism/materialism†††††††††† history seen as class struggle

5.Formalism††††††††††††††††††††† ††††† artfully arranged language/ how texts work

6.Reader Response†††††††††† ††††† phenomenology of reading/how readers read

7.Structuralism†††††††††††††††††††††† how language works to structure culture

8.Post-structuralism††††††††††††††† how language fails

9.Psychoanalytic†††††††† ††††† ††††† how the mind works as cs/ucs; sexuality

10. Literary Darwinism†††† ††††† genetics, human as animal

11. Cultural studies†††††††††† ††††† literature as cultural work; non-elite art

12. Mass Culture studies††† ††††† culture as means of state oppression

13. Aesthetics††††††††††††††††††† ††††† art as unique