Honors 293: Representing Animals/Special Topics, Literature

Dr. Morillo
Tompkins G117  M, W  1:30-2:45
Spring 2012
Office=Tompkins 270; phone: 513-8040
email = morillo@unity.ncsu.edu
web page syllabus = http://www4.ncsu.edu/unity/users/m/morillo/public/hon293
Office Hours: M W F 10-11 and by appointment


Honors Discovering Literature Courses

Discovering Literature Courses
study works of literature to treat the themes of inquiry and discovery--its risks, its creativeness, its ambiguities and complexities, and its moral dilemmas--through selected works from literature and other media, including theater, music, visual arts, and film. Analysis of each work in terms of its historical context and internal structure as well as its treatment of the nature of inquiry and discovery.

Representing Animals

How and why have people represented animals in words and images? How has it changed from the classical period to the present? What do different fields suggest can be known about animals, why does that knowledge matter, and to whom? Are they granted consciousness, ethical importance, spirit, or independent agency? Are they seen as more suitable a subject of knowledge for children or for adults? Do they have a place and stake in human politics, and if so, why? Readings will necessarily be selective rather than exhaustive, and will include examples from fiction, non-fiction, and poetry, and from English, American, and some other literatures in translation. As a course grounded in literature and taught by an English professor, the importance of how these fields write about their animal subjects and construct them rhetorically as objects of knowledge and interest will be central, but visual representations (film, video, TV, advertising) will complement the readings.

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the course students should be able to:

Course Requirements
1. Attendance = 10%
2. Participation in discussions, quizzes, other in-class writing and speaking = 20%
3. Midterm exam = 15%
4. Analysis and Application Paper 5 pages = 15%
5. Written Research Proposal =5% pass/fail 6. Individual Oral Presentation of Research Proposal & Progres =10%
7. Research Paper 8-10 pages  = 25%

total                                                           100%

Percentages for each required graded category are figured via a percentage of a 12-pt. scale in which an A+ =12 and
an F=0 points. For example, a B+ on paper 1 would net you 9 x .15 or .1.35 points.  Or, a C on participation nets you 5 x .15 or .75.  I then add up the percentage points for each required category to determine your grade.  For example, an 8.2 final score = B for the class.

Participation includes your grades on periodic quizzes, and coming to class prepared, having done the readings and being able to talk and write about them intelligently.

You must complete all the required work to pass the class.  I will grade plus/minus.

Attendance: You are allowed 3 absences. If you are absent, unexcused, more than 3 times over the course of the semester, your absences will count progressively against your final grade, as a significant part --10%--of your final grade. Every 2 unexcused absences beyond the allowed 3 loses you a half letter grade. Anyone who misses the first two classes can be immediately dropped from the class. For university attendance policy an dthe definition of an unexcused absence 

Plagiarism: Anyone convicted will receive an F for the paper, or the course at my discretion.
And yes, I have caught people in the past.

Late Papers: Papers received ONE class session late will be accepted but docked a full grade.
No late papers accepted after one class session late.

Disabilities: Reasonable accommodations will be made for students with verifiable disabilities. In order to take advantage of available accommodations, students must register with Disability Services for Students at 1900 Student Health Center, Campus
            Box 7509, 515-7653. http://www.ncsu.edu/dso/

Academic Integrity Assumption
Universities are unique communities committed to creating and transmitting knowledge. They depend on freedom - individuals' freedom to explore ideas and to explore and further their own capabilities. Those freedoms depend on the good will and responsible behavior of all the members of the community, who must treat each other with tolerance and respect. They must allow each other to develop the full range of their capabilities and take full advantage of the institution's resources.

Required Texts & Resources
Print Texts --available now in the NCSU bookstore.

1. Aesop, Fables. Ed. Laura Gibbs. NY: Oxford UP, 2008.
2. Moore, Sterling. Rascal. NY: Scholastic, 2003.
3. Masson, Jeffrey. When Elephants Weep: the Emotional Lives of Animals. NY: Bantam/Doubleday, 1995.
4. Bennett, Barbara. Soul of a Lion. Washington, DC: National Geographic, 2010. 
Required Online Texts

5. King James Bible Online http://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/
6.  Pliny, Natural History http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Pliny_the_Elder/home.html
7. Lucretius, On the Nature of Things 
8. A Medieval Bestiary
9. Reynard the Fox
, trans. William Caxton http://bestiary.ca/etexts/morley1889/morley%20-%20history%20of%20reynard%20the%20fox.pdf
10. Perrault, Charles. Puss in Boots http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/perrault04.html (copied in puss.html)
11. Defoe, Daniel. Robinson Crusoe, Ch. 20 http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/toccer-new2?id=DefCru1.sgm&images=images/modeng&data=/texts/english/modeng/parsed&tag=public&part=20&division=div1
12. Taylor, John. A Vindication of the Life of Brutes (In Eighteenth-Century Collections Online [ECCO] database via D. H. Hill Library)
13. Darwin, Introduction to Origin of Species http://www.literature.org/authors/darwin-charles/the-origin-of-species/introduction.html
14. Darwin,  Expression of Emotion in Man and Animals http://human-nature.com/darwin/emotion/chap5.htm
15. Kipling, Rudyard. The Jungle Book http://www.gutenberg.org/files/236/236-h/236-h.htm#2H_4_0009

Other Media: DVD

16. Herzog, Werner, dir. Grizzly Man. (DVD shown in Honor's Village tba)

How to Use the Oxford English Dictionary Online (Morillo)

Help with Writing Argument
revised paper structure diagram    points and paragraphs       introductions 

Sample Works for Final Research Papers:

<>Seton, Ernest. Wild Animals I Have Known (1898; Canadian non-fiction)    <http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/3031>
Gipson, Fred. Old Yeller (1956; American young adult fiction)
Sewell, Anna. Black Beauty (1877; British young adult fiction)
Benchley, Peter. Jaws (1974; American adult fiction) / Speilberg, Steven. Jaws (1975; American film)
Samuel Pratt, Pity's Gift a collection of interesting tales, to excite the compassion of youth for the animal creation. (1798; Children's literature, British).  (ECCO database)
Robert Morris, A Reasonable Plea for the Animal Creation (1746; British non-fiction, argument for vegetarianism)
Downer, John. Wildlife Television ( 2011; British documentary films of animals via remote-robotic cameras) <jdp.co.u>
Orvis, Charles. Fishing with the Fly (1883; American non-ficition)
Beauties of Natural History
(1777 British non-fiction) (ECCO database)
Delineation of Curious Foreign Beasts and Birds, Exeter Change Exhibition Catalog
/ illustrations (1791 British non-fiction) (ECCO database)
Multum in parvo; or, everyman His own Vermin-Killer.... By a farmer, Who has made it his Study these seven Years. (1771 British, non-fiction) (ECCO database)
Durrell, Gerald. Encounters with Animals (1958); A Zoo in My Luggage (1960)  ( British, non-fiction, worked as collector for zoos)
Green, Wallon. The Hellstrom Chronicle (1971; American film, man vs. insects for world domination)
Jacquet, Luc. March of the Penguins (2005; French, documentary film)
Nagle, Thomas. "What is it Like to Be a Bat?" ( 1974; American philosophy)
Orwell, George. Animal Farm (1945; British satire, fiction)

Kohl, Herbert. Should We Burn Babar? Essays on Children's Literature and the Power of Stories (1995 American essays)

Collier, John. His Monkey Wife (1931 British./American satire, fiction)

M. Jan. 9
Introduction .  Snakes and Words 
W. Jan 11

Herodotus, Histories, on Animals in Africa: (440 BCE)

M. Jan 16
 M. L. KING DAY no class
W. Jan 18

Masson, Emotional Lives of Animals: Ch. 2 "Unfeeling Brutes" (pp. 24-44)
Aesop, Fables (6th century BCE?) about  Lions: Read fable numbers in Gibbs' Oxford ed. = 13-21; 50-56, 61,62, 69, 70, 99, 106, 145, 165, 169, 186, 217, 222, 228-30, 235, 243-7, 269-70, 286, 313, 330, 355, 376, 422, 438, 459, 466

Modern Aesops, "The Tortoise and the Hare": Walt Disney (1932)   Encyclopaedia Britannica Educational Films ( 1947 )  Rocky and Bullwinkle Show (1961)

M. Jan 23
Lucretius On the Nature of Things from Bks. 4, 5 (50 BCE). Use the headings in blue to jump to where you need to read: From Book 4 Read  starting at the heading  The Passion of Love,  to th e end of that Book.  From Book 5  Read the last 3 sections: Origins of Vegetable and  Animal Life; Origins and Savage Period of Mankind;  Beginnings of  Civilization. Pay  particular attention the animal/man dynamic in the savage man period, and to  Lucretius'  final an d longest example , about  men using animals in war.

W. Jan. 25

Lucretius continued
 Stephen Greenblatt, "The Answer Man." New Yorker 8 Aug 2011.

M. Jan. 30
Plinius Secundus (Pliny the Elder) (77 CE)
Pliny  biography 

Preface to Natural History (just look at the very beginning of this)

Selections: Natural History
Click on the Chapter Number, then at the top click English to translate from Latin

If this link goes out of service here's another English translation, more modern: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Plin.+Nat.+toc



Book 8 Elephants. Read Chapters I (one) through XII (12). Then,

Lions, Book 8 Ch (XVI) 16

Additional/optional:: bears (Bk 8 Ch XXXVI [36]) Hares and Conies (Bk 8 Ch LV (55)

W. Feb.  1

Selections from a Medieval Bestiary  (14th Century)
click "Beasts "then "Alphabetic" to find individual animal entries

See list below for which animal to focus on:

Read entries on: Asp (Alsous), Basilisk (Ballard), Bat (Blanchard), Crocodile (Brinkworth), Hedgehog (Bryant), Hyena (Chapman), Lion (Ellington), Jaculus (Farkas), Mermaid (Grabow), Newt (Guhne), Nightingale (Ibrahim), Owl (Luizzo), Panther (Mangum), Pelican (Montgomery), Sawfish (Owczarski), Snake (Owoc), Syren (Perry), Tiger (Vincent), Viper, Weasel, Whale (Waldrip)
M. Feb. 6
First Paper Due
W. Feb. 8

Reynard the Fox (Cartwright trans., 1902; pp. 1-120)


IF you want to see the first English translation in pp.  (1-100) (Caxton trans. 1481)

Please read: in 1942 during WW II, a Dutch animation studio working for Hitler's Nazi ministry of propaganda created a 20 minute animated version of Reynard. Read about it here:


A short video with clips from the 1942 animated Reynard:

http://jimiraj.multiply.com/video/item/264/Rediscovered_WWII_cartoon_About_Reynard_the_Fox (If the link doesn't work, you can find it on Google by searching "reynard the fox movie" and it will be on the 2nd page under the link called "james' Site")
M. Feb.13

Perrault, Puss in Boots (1697) (all)

Walt Disnesy, dir. & animator Puss in Boots (1922) 10 min. film

Eugene Marner, dir. Puss in Boots (1988) watch the first 10 minutes or so of the film--live-action musical

Hayao Miyazaki, dir & animator Puss in Boots (199-) trailer

Chris Miller, dir.Puss in Boots (2011). watch the trailer and the featurette

. Feb.15 Defoe, Robinson Crusoe (1719)

M. Feb 20
William Cowper, selected poems: "Epitaph on a Hare"; "On a Goldfinch Starved to Death in his Cage"; "To the Immortal Memory of the Halibut on which I Dined this Day" (1784)
W. Feb 22
Thomas Taylor, A Vindication of the Life of Brutes (1792)  103 pp.
(ECCO database)continued
M. Feb 27

Taylor cont.

W. Feb 29
M. Mar 5
W. Mar 7
M. Mar12

Darwin Origin of Species (1859) Introduction
Expression of Emotion in Man and Animals, Ch. 5 "Special Expressions of Animals"

W. Mar 14
Kipling, The Jungle Book (1894) "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi"

M. Mar 19
North, Rascal (1963) (ch 1 - 4 )
W. Mar 21
continued (ch 5-9)

M. Mar 26
Masson, Why Elephants Weep (1995)  chapters 1-5
W. Mar 28
Masson continued  
chapters 6-11
M. Apr 2
Bennett, Soul of a Lion (2010)
W. Apr 4
M. Apr 9
 Dick, Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968) (Ch 1-10 )   Research Proposals Due
T Apr. 10 Will be showing DVD of Grizzly Man in Honors Village Conference Room on Tuesday, April 10 at 7m
W. Apr 11
Dick cont. (Ch 11-22)
M. Apr 16
Herzog, Grizzly Man (2005, DVD 
W. Apr 18
Presentations of Research in Progress: Alsous, Ballard, Blanchard, Brinkworth, Bryant, Chapman
M .Apr 23
Presentations of Research in Progress : Ellington, Farkas, Gabow, Guhne, Ibrahim, Luizzo
W Apr 25
Presentations of Research in Progress : Mangum, Montgomery, Owczarski, Owoc, Perry, Vincent, Waldrip

Final Research Paper Due : Friday, May 4 by 5pm, as emailed file

ONLINE CLASS EVALUATION FORMS: https://classeval.ncsu.edu

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