Gregory Claey’s 3 Main Versions of Utopia

Static Utopias                              

Once formed, ideal society seeks to retain its purity

Dynamic Utopias

Assumes change is good for progress

Ascetic Utopias

Assume resources will be scarce

Want-Satisfying Utopias

Believes resources can be improved, abundant

Hierarchical Utopias

Assume inequality need for elite leadership

Egalitarian Utopias

Communitarian ideals

(Searching for Utopia: The History of an Idea 13)