Dryden's Latin, French, and Greek quotations in Essay of Dramatic Poesy: translations by Earl Miner

 

 

 

Epigraph     Fungar vice = I shall play the role of a whetstone which, though itself incapable of cutting, yet sharpens steel (Horace Ars Poetica)

 

Dedication to Buckhurst

Pars Indocili = Let those superior to the herd go forth; let the soft and hopeless remain inactive on their ill-fated couches (Horace Epode 16)

 

Le jeune homme = The young man is in a bad humor, not having worshipped at the Temple of Love; he must go in, and the wise man finds it, if not his true home, at least a refuge on the journey (text unknown)

 

Sine studio = without anger or partiality

 

 

Essay by paragraph# in Lynch

3 Quem in concione = Sylla, whom we have seen in private meeting--when from the crowd a bad poet handed him an epigram on him written in halting verse--at once ordered the versifier to be paid on the condition that he write no more (Cicero)

 

3 un mauvais buffon =  a wretched jester

 

3 Pauper videri = Cinna wants to seem poor, and poor he is (Martial Epigram 8)

 

4 qui Bavium = Let him who does not love detest Bavius love your poems, Maevius (Virgil Eclogue 3)

 

4 Nam quos = We despise those who praise what we despise (text unknown)

 

4 Pace vestra = Permit me to say that you rhetoricians have ruined eloquence (Petronius Satyricon)

 

5 Indignor quidquam = I am angry to hear something criticized not for being bad writing or for lack of appeal, but for being new . . . if poems improve like wine I should like to know what is the best poetic vintage (Horace Epistle 2)

 

27 Audita visis = We are apt to praise what we hear rather than what we see; we regard the present with envy and the past with admiration, believing ourselves overcome by the one while we learn from the other (Historia Romana)

 

40 Sed proavi = Our ancestors even praised the versification and bite of Plautus, being too patient with them, not to say stupid (Horace Art of Poetry)

 

41 Multa renascentur = Many terms will be reborn that died and others now respectable will go, if usage so decides, it being the arbitrement, law, and rule of speech (ibid)

 

42 Mixtaque ridenti =Pour out the beams mingled with the smiling acanthus . . . the woods and waters wonder at the gleam / of shields painted ships that stem the stream (Virgil Eclogue 4)

 

43 Si verbo = if I may be so bold to call it the louvre of the sky (Ovid Metamorphoses)

 

45 Si sic omnia = If only he had always spoken thus (Juvenal Satire 10)

 

47 Omne genus = Tragedy excels in gravity all other kinds of writing

 

48 Anima mea = My soul, my life, life and soul

 

49 Sum pius = I am Aneas the just, known to fame throughout the world (Virgil Aneid 1)

 

49 Si foret = If he had been deferred to fate by this our age (Horace Satire 10)

 

49 Quos libitina = Those whom the funeral goddess has consecrated (Horace Epistle 2)

 

53 Atque ursum = They will call for a bearfight or boxing in the middle of a play (ibid)

 

55 Ex noto = I shall create my poems from familiar matter (Horace Art of Poetry)

 

55 Atque ita = Homer creates, so combining false with true that there is no discrepancy between begiining and middle, or middle and end (ibid)

 

56 Quodcunque = It is so incredible that i had whatever of this kind you show me (ibid)

 

the Greek right after this = the truth     the likeness of truth

 

65 Segnius irritant = What finds entrance through the ears stirs the mind less deeply than what is presented to the eyes . . . what is to take place behind scenes should not be brought on stage  . . . Medea should not carve up her boys, Procne turn into a bird or Cadmus a snake (Horace Art of Poetry)

 

72 Sed ut primo = But as we aspire at first to surpass those we consider the greatest, so when we have failed at that, our efforts weaken with our hope; setting aside that in which we can't excel, we seek something we can do better (Paterculus History of Rome)

 

87 Quontam lent= As cypresses are given to rising above the bending willows (Virgil Eclogue 1)

 

93 Creditur ex medio = Many think that because comedy takes its material from daily life it requires little effort; actually, its burden is heavier, because so much less is allowed for deviation (Horace Epistle 2)

 

97 ubi plura = When many beauties shine in a poem, I shall not take offense with a few blemishes (Horace Art of Poetry)

 

99 Etiam favente = You are defeted, Liberius, in spite of my favor (Macrobius Saturnalia 2)

 

99 Arcades omnes = young Arcadians both alike inspired to sing and answer as the song required (Virgil Eclogue 7)

 

100 Nescivit = He doesn't know when to leave well enough alone (Seneca)

 

107 Tentanda via = New ways I must attempt to raise my name aloft (Virgil Goergic 3)

 

108 Est ubi plebs = It is when the multitude think they are right that they are wrong (Horace Epistle 2)

 

110 Indignatur = The banquet of Thyestes scorns to be told in language of daily life suitable to comedy (Horace Art of Poetry)

 

111 Essutire = Tragedy scorns to chatter in trifling verses (Horace Art of Poetry)

 

115 quidibet audendi = daring anything (Horace Art of Poetry)

 

115 Musas colere = to cultivate the severer muses (Martial Epigram 110