English 662 Dr. Morillo

Land and Money in the Eighteenth Century


Fall 96

Tompkins 103, 5-4163


This course explores how a variety of texts throughout the long eighteenth century addressed a fundamental concern in modernizing English society: what were the relative values and uses of land and money as measures of wealth, status. and social identity? Between 1649 and 1800 an older social standard that valued birthright, inherited estates and unearned income began to be displaced by a notion that one ought to work for a living, invest in business and trade, and measure power and privilege by what one had earned for oneself and made of oneself. We will explore how a wide variety of poems, novels, essays and other texts related the shifting meanings and values of land and money to problems involving class, politics, religion, and the proper subjects and goals of literature.

Required Texts:

Course pack: Land and Money in the Eighteenth Century

Defoe. Roxana. Oxford ed.

Norton Anthology of English Literature. Vol. 1. 6th ed.

Willcox and Arnstein. The Age of Aristocracy: 1688-1830.

Secondary Reserve Texts in D. H. Hill

Backscheider, Paula. Daniel Defoe: His Life.

Clark, J. C. D. English Society, 1688-1832.

Collier, Mary. The Woman's Labour.

Doody, Margaret. The Daring Muse

Duck, Stephen. The Thresher's Labour

Landry, Donna. The Muses of Resistance

Locke, John. Several Papers Relating to Money, Interest and Trade

Lonsdale, Roger. History of Literature. Vol. 4, Dryden to Johnson

Low, Anthony. The Georgic Revolution.

Porter, Roy. English Society in the Eighteenth Century

Sambrook, James. English Pastoral

----. The Eighteenth Century: The Intellectual and Cultural Context

Scheuermann, Mona. Her Bread to Earn: Women, Money & Society from Defoe to Austen

Schwartz, Richard. Theory and Tradition in Eighteenth-Century Studies

Smith, Adam. Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations

Tobin, Beth. History, Gender, and Eighteenth-Century Literature.

Tevelyan, G. M. History of England

Winn, James. John Dryden and His World


2 Short papers, 4 pp., topics provided. Longer research paper, 15 pp., students choose topics addressing issues of interest in the primary readings and drawing on the secondary readings for further depth and context. All students will lead a class discussion by doing short oral presentations on a chosen text. Presentations may concentrate on close-readings, relevant secondary sources, or both, but must be focused and cogent.

Expected participation: come to class on time, with the appropriate texts, having read and thought about them enough to have something specific and intelligent to say about them.

Papers: late papers accepted only 1 class late, with penalty. Any papers arriving later than that will not be accepted. I grade plus/minus.


Th 8/22 Introduction, values and meanings

T 8/27 Winstanley, from True Leveler's Standard; Locke "Of Property" (make xerox)

Th 8/29 Locke cont. "Ch. 1, Ch. 2 "Of the State of Nature," Ch. 3 "Of the State of War," Ch. 4 "Of Slavery'

T 9/3 Behn, The Golden Age

Th 9/5 Dryden, Dedication to Georgics. Georgic 1, selections Georgic 2. Paper 1 due

T 9/10 Philips "The Splendid Shilling"

Th 9/12 Dennis, from A Large Account of Taste

T 9/17 Dryden trans. of Virgil's Eclogues 1-2

Th 9/19 Pope Pastorals

T 9/24 Prior, "The Old Gentry"

Th 9/26 Addison , Spectator #3

T 10/1 Swift, "A Town Eclogue," "The Fable of Midas".

Th 10/3 Swift, "An Elegy on...Mr. Demar," "The Run Upon the Bankers"

T 10/8 Haywood, from Memoirs Concerning A Certain Isle. Paper 2 due.

Th 10/10 Defoe, Roxana

T 10/15 no class, Fall Break

Th 10/17 Roxana cont.

T 10/22 Roxana cont.

Th 10/24 Pope, Epistle III: To Allen Lord Bathurst

T 10/29 Pope cont.

Th 10/31 Duck, The Thresher's Labour; Collier, Woman's Labour

T 11/5 Churchill, Prophecy of Famine

Th 11/7 Johnson, Ramblers # 36-37

T 11/12 Goldsmith, The Deserted Village (Norton); Crabbe, The Village (Norton)

Th 11/14 no class. at conference

T 11/19 Vanderlint, from Money Answers All Things

Th 11/21 Hume, "Of Money," "Of Commerce," "Of Interest"

T 11/26 Smith, "Of the Origin of Money," "Of the wages of Labour," from Wealth of Nations

Th 11/28 Smith cont.

T 12/5 open

Th 12/7 open final Paper Due.