Honors 293                                                                                                                   
Representing Animals                                                                                                       
Dr. Morillo

Paper Assignment: Animals in Writing and Rhetoric


Graded, worth 15% of final grade
Length:  5 pages, inclusive of Works Cited.

Due Friday, February 13, emailed as a file by noon. BE SURE TO PUT YOUR LAST NAME IN THE FILE NAME.

Which representation of which animal did you find most interesting? Choose any one animal from any one of the primary texts covered thus far (Aristotle, Herodotus, Aesop, Pliny, or Lucretius), and explain what you found the most interesting about the way that animal is represented. The animal you choose does not have to be one we discussed in class. Based on the way the writer writes about that animal, what kind of audience do you think he aimed to reach, and why? Consider the rhetorical aspect of the writing: what kind of information (for example, descriptive, evaluative, cautionary) did your author most try to convey to his audience? You may choose either authors who write multiple times about the same animal, or just one text about one animal. Do not just summarize what was said, select and argue for what is most interesting to you in representation.

M(odern) L(anguage) A(ssociation) citation form Guide:

How to cite an academic article or book chapter in MLA form for a Works Cited bibliography  :

Always indent 2nd and subsequent lines within an entry. Single space within entries, double between entries.

Formula for single-author book

Last name, First Name. Full title of book. Place of Publication. Publishing press, date of publication. Medium.

Hallman, J. C. In Utopia: Six Kinds of Eden and the Search for a Better Paradise. New York: St. Martins, 2010. Print.

Formula for an article in scholarly journal:

 Last name, First Name. “ Title of Article.”  Name of Journal Italicized  Volume number. Issue number if given (year): inclusive pages. Medium.

 Thus, with the punctuation highlighted in blue:


Nickel, Terri. "Pamela as Fetish: Masculine Anxiety in Henry Fielding's Shamela and James Parry's The True Anti-Pamela." Studies in Eighteenth- 

    Century Culture 22 (1992): 37-49. Print.


Note hanging indent of 2nd and subsequent lines. First line is flush left.

Note that any novel title is in italics within the quotation marks for the article title.

There is no punctuation between the journal title and the volume number.

Any works cited entry ends in a final period.


If the article is in an online periodical: replicate the complete print entry formula, but then 1) if the online version has page numbers, after the inclusive page numbers and period put the name of the hosting site, in italics (e.g. Project Muse, or JSTOR), then the word web for medium, then the date you accessed it, MLA no longer requires the full url (universal resource locator) within angle brackets <  >.




Tolson, Nancy. “Making Books Available: The Role of Early Libraries, Librarians, and Booksellers in the Promotion of African American Children’s

    Literature.” African American Review 32 (1998): 9-16. JSTOR. Web. 3 April 2008.


A book chapter, formula:


Author last name, First name. “Title of Chapter.” Title of Book in Italics.  Place of publication: Press, year. Inclusive pages of chapter. Medium.



Spencer, Jane. “Wit’s Mild Empire: the Rise of Women’s Writing.” The Rise of the Woman Novelist: From Aphra Behn to Jane Austen. Oxford, UK:

    Blackwell, 1986. 3-40. Print.


If it’s one essay in a collection of edited essays, after the essay title’s period put title of collection; then after title of collection put Ed. then Editor’s full name. The place of publication, press, date, inclusive pages. Medium.


Grundy, Isobel. "Against Beauty: Eighteenth-Century Fiction Writers Confront the Problem of Woman-as-Sign." ReImagining Women: Representations

    of Women in Culture. Ed. Shirley Neuman and Glennis Stephenson. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1993. 74-86. Print.