Congreveís Poetic Form in his Pindaric Ode on Marlborough

 

Strophes and Antistrophes

 

Lines = 7

Meter = baseline* iambic with varying feet in waning, waxing pattern end-rhymed thus (u = unstressed syllable; X= stressed syllable):

 

Pentameter†††††† a††††††††† uX uX uX uX uX

Pentameter†††††† a††††††††† uX uX uX uX uX

Trimeter†††††††††† b††††††††† uX uX uX

Tetrameter††††††† c††††††††† uX uX uX uX

Tetrameter††††††† c††††††††† uX uX uX uX

Pentameter†††††† b††††††††† uX uX uX uX uX

Hexameter††††††† b††††††††† uX uX uX uX uX uX

 

Epodes

 

Lines = 14

Meter = baseline iambic with varying feet in sonnet-like rhyme scheme thus:

 

Tetrameter††††††† a††††††††† uX uX uX uX

Tetrameter††††††† b††††††††† uX uX uX uX

Tetrameter††††††† a††††††††† uX uX uX uX

Tetrameter††††††† b††††††††† uX uX uX uX

Pentameter†††††† c††††††††† uX uX uX uX uX

Tetrameter††††††† d††††††††† uX uX uX uX

Trimeter†††††††††† c††††††††† uX uX uX

Tetrameter††††††† d††††††††† uX uX uX uX

Tetrameter††††††† e††††††††† uX uX uX uX

Trimeter†††††††††† e††††††††† uX uX uX

Trimeter†††††††††† f†††††††††† uX uX uX

Trimeter†††††††††† g††††††††† uX uX uX

Tetrameter††††††† g††††††††† uX uX uX uX

Pentameter       f            uX uX uX uX uX

 

 

 

Baseline, because the first line of the poem scans thus, with 2 dactyls before the regular iambic beat starts:

 

Daughter of Memory, immortal muse = Xuu Xuu uX uX

 

This variation works as quantitative verse because the syllable count for the line remains 10

 

 

 

Glossary for Congreveís Myths, Geography & History

 

Calliope †††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† Muse of eloquence, epic and heroic poetry

 

Castalian Spring†††††††† ††††††††††† inspiring waters at Delphi, near the oracle

 

Pierian Spring ††††††††††† ††††††††††† nspiring waters, source of knowledge in arts and sciences

 

Alcides Guardian arm††††††††††† Achilles, and his shield

 

Orpheusí harp††††††††††† ††††††††††† Orpheus, son of Calliope; his lyre

 

Cyllenes††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† mountain in Arcadia, haunt of Hermes

 

Latonaís son†††††††††††††† ††††††††††† Apollo, god of poetry. He was given the first lyre by Hermes

 

Mantuan fire††††††††††††† ††††††††††† image of Virgilís poetic skill

 

Maeonian flame†††††††† ††††††††††† image of Homerís poetic skill

 

Tithonís bed†††††††††††††† ††††††††††† where Eos/Aurora/Dawn slept with Tithon, a mortal whom she

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† fell in love with

 

Boyn†††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† river in Ireland; where William III put down Irish rebellion

 

Tiber†††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† river at Rome

 

Augusta††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† poetic for England

 

Zembla††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† nova Zembla; arctic country

 

Astrea†††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† goddess of justice

 

 

Marlbro††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough

 

7-mouthed Ister††††††††† ††††††††††† the Danube and its tributaries

 

Blenheim††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† in Bavaria, on the Danube; site of the battle against Louis

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† XIVís France & his Austrian allies

 

Ramilla†††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† Ramilles, site of prior Marlborough victory

 

Cannae†††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† site of Hannibalís great victory against Romans

 

Pharsalia†††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† where Julius Caesar defeated Pompey, a first stage to Caesar

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† becoming sole Emperor of Rome