Return to Fir Species of the World





Geographical Range
Abies alba European Silver Fir Mountains of central and southern Europe; the Black Forest of Germany
Abies amabilis Pacific Silver Fir S. Alaska to W. Oregon
Abies balsamea Balsam Fir N. America; Canada to Virginia
Abies borisii-regis Bulgarian Fir Mountains in Bulgaria; Mt Olympus in Thessaly, Greece and Thasos Island
Abies bornmuelleriana Turkish Fir South coast of the Black Sea and Asiatic Turkey
Abies bracteata Bristlecone Fir Central California, coastal region; Santa Lucia Mts; cool moist mountain valleys
Abies cephalonica Grecian Fir Mountains throughout Greece including the islands of Euboea and Cephalonia, subalpine
Abies chensiensis Shensi Fir W. China; Shensi to the border with Burma
Abies cilicica Cilician Fir Asia Minor; Cilician Taurus Mts.
Abies concolor White Fir SW USA to N. Mexico
Abies delavayi Delavay Fir Yunnan, West China, in mountains
Abies durangensis Durango Fir Mexico
Abies equi-trojani ---------- Ida Mts; western Asia Minor
Abies fargesii Farges Fir Central & West China; NW Hupeh & E. Szechwan Provinces
Abies firma Momi Fir Japan
Abies fraseri Fraser Fir Mountains of SE USA
Abies grandis Grand Fir N. America; northern Pacific coast, inland to N. Montana & E. Oregon
Abies guatemalensis Guatemalan Fir W. Guatemala, in the mountains
Abies hickeli Hickel Fir Mexico, in mountains of Oaxaca
Abies holophylla Manchurian Fir Manchuria, Korea
Abies homolepis Nikko Fir Japan
Abies kawakamii Formosan Fir Mountains of Taiwan
Abies koreana Korean Fir Korea; mountains in the southern part of the country
Abies lasiocarpa Subalpine Fir N. America; Alaska to Oregon, Utah & New Mexico, only in the mountains near the tree line
Abies magnifica California Red Fir Oregon to California, in the mountains from 1500-3500 m.
Abies mariesii Marie's Fir Central Japan, in the mountains; Taiwan
Abies marocana Moroccan Fir Morocco in the mountains south of Tetuan by Joly
Abies nebrodensis Sicilian Fir N. Sicily
Abies nephrolepis Manchurian Fir E. Siberia, Korea, N. China
Abies nordmanniana Nordmann Fir Caucasus Mountains; developing forests with Picea orientalis
Abies numidica Algerian Fir E. Algeria, in the Babor Mts., and west to Constantine
Abies oaxacana ---------- Mexico; Oaxaca & Guerrero Provinces, in the mountains
Abies pardei Pardé Fir Native habitat unknown, presumably N. Africa
Abies pindrow West Himalayan Fir W. Himalayas
Abies pinsapo Spanish Fir So. Spain
Abies procera Noble Fir Cascade Mts., Oregon, Siskiyou Mts., California, USA
Abies recurvata Min Fir China, W. Szechwan
Abies religiosa Sacred Fir Mexico, Guatemala; in the mountains
Abies rolii ---------- China; mountains in Yunnan
Abies sachalinensis Sachalin Fir N. Japan, Sachalin, Kurilen
Abies sibirica Siberian Fir Northern Soviet Union to Kamchatka, south to Manchuria and Turkestan
Abies spectabilis Himalayan Fir Himalaya; Sikkim, Bhutan, in the mountains at 2500-4000 m
Abies squamata Flaky Barked Fir China; W. Szechwan
Abies sutchuenensis Szechwan Fir W. China
Abies tacanensis ---------- Mexico
Abies veitchii Veitch Fir Central and South Japan, in the mountains
Abies vejari Vejar Fir Mexico, Tamaulipa Province
Abies yuana   China; Yunnan

Table 1. Fir species of the world and their geographical ranges (Krüssman 1995).