FALL 1996 PSY 615



PROFESSOR: Frank J. Smith

OFFICE: 714A Poe Hall

PHONE: 515-1723

OFFICE HOURS: Tu. & Thur., 11:10-12:00 A.M. and by appointment


Textbook (Required): Berry, John W. (1992). Cross-cultural Psychology: Research and applications. Cambridge University Press. [Available in the NCSU Bookstore after Sept. 9]


COURSE OBJECTIVES: By the end of this seminar, students should have increased knowledge and skills about how to work effectively in cross-cultural settings.

a. an understanding of how problems are defined, modeled and analyzed in different cultural settings.

b. knowledge of the strengths and weaknesses of a variety of research methods commonly used in cross-cultural settings.

c. an understanding of measurement issues in cross- cultural research.

d. practice in formulation and testing of hypotheses using available datasets.

e. knowledge about the various organizations that are active in the area of international development.

d. knowledge about theoretical and practical considera-tions in the formulation of an international program plan or strategy.


GRADING: Evaluation criteria and weights are as follows:

1. Class participation = 40%

Assigned readings, discussion, sharing, asking questions, etc.

2. Written reports = 60%


Note on written reports: Each student will prepare a written report on a topic of problem of his/her choice within the context of cross-cultural psychology. This is a chance to prepare a proposal, review literature and/or analyze data on an issue that interests you. During the first four weeks of the semester, students should define a topic of interest and consult with the Professor about how to proceed.




Aug 21 Introduction to the course


Aug 28 Overview of the field of cross-cultural psychology and international development.

Berry, J.W. (1992) CCP. Chapter 1


Kagitcibasi, Cigdem & Berry, J.W. (1989). Cross-cultural psychology: Current research and trends. Annual Review of Psychology. 40:493-531.


Moghaddam, Fathali M. & Donald M. Taylor (1986). What constitutes an 'Appropriate Psychology' for the Developing World? International Journal of Psychology. 21, 253-267.


Selected articles: Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology (JCCP).


Sept 4 Methods in Cross-cultural research (surveys, experiments and qualitative techniques)


Dennis, M. & Boruch, R.R. (1989). Randomized experiments for planning and testing projects in developing countries. Evaluation Review, 13,3, 292-309.


Rhoades, Robert E. (1982). The art of the informal agricultural survey.

Selection from HCCP, Vol 2.


Other sources (optional): Kim, Uichol & Berry J.W. (1993). Indigenous psychologies.


Lonner, W. and Berry, John W. (Eds.) 1986. Field methods in cross-cultural research.


Triandis, Harry C. and Berry, John W. (Eds.) 1980. Handbook of cross-cultural psychology. Vol 2.


Chambers, Robert et al (1989) Farmer first: farmer innovation and agricultural research.



Sept 11 Organizations, Databases and Measurement Issues

World Development Reports (World Bank)

Human Development Report (UNDP)

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

International Labour Organization (ILO)

U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)

Grootaert, C. et al (1991). The social dimensions of adjustment priority survey.


Sept 18 Comparative studies of basic psychological processes


Berry, JW CCP. Chapters 2-6


Optional readings: Wagner, Daniel A. (1986). Child development research and the third world. American Psychologist. 41,3, 298-301.


Harrison, McKay, et.al. (1978). Improving cognitive ability in chronically deprived children. Science. 200:21, 270-278.





Sept 25 Basic concepts and research strategies


Berry. JW CCP. Chapters 7-10


Smith, F. & Crano (1977). Cultural dimensions reconsidered...

Smith, Frank J. & Crano, W.D. (1977). Patterns of cultural diffusion: Analyses of trait associations across societies by content and geographical proximity. Behavior Science Research. 12:3,, 145-167.


Optional reading: Lalonde, Richard N., et.al. (1992). The process of social identification for visible immigrant women in a multicultural context. JCCP. 23:1, 25-29.


Schmidt, Stuart M. & Yeh, Ryh-Song (1992). The structure of leader influence: A cross-national comparison. JCCP. 23:2, 251-264.


Oct 2 Cross-cultural research applications and international development strategy


Berry, JW CCP. Chapters 11-16


Optional reading: Duncan, Alex (1986). Aid effectiveness in raising adaptive capacity in the low-income countries. In Lewis et.al (Eds.) Development strategies reconsidered.


Adelman, Irma (1986). A poverty-focused approach to development policy.


McKnight, John Professionalized service and disabling help.


Ghatak, Subrata (1986). An introduction to development economics. Chapter 1,


Shumacher (1973). Small is beautiful.


Schultz, Theodore W. The economics of being poor.


Oct 9 Education as an investment in development: evaluating processes and outcomes in basic, secondary, post-secondary education.


Psacharopoulos, G. and Woodhall, M. Education for develop-ment: An analysis of investment choices. Chapters 4-7. 1985.


Oct 16 Research and transfer of technology


Rogers, Everett M. & Shoemaker, F.F. (1971). Communication of innovations.


Oct 23 Organizational and management issues: information systems, decision-support systems, incentives, formal and informal systems, participation.


DeSoto, Hernando (1989). The Other Path.


Smith & Fearn (1991).


Oct 30 International development policy and programs


Hancock, Graham (1989). Lords of Poverty.


Kohli Atul (1986). Democracy and development.

Nov 6 Special topics (to be announced)


Nov 13 Special topics (to be announced)


Nov 20 Final Reports




Dec 4 Final Reports (WRITTEN REPORT DUE)